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Reform Movements in American History: Social, Political, and Religious.- Kristen G.

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by Kristen Graham on 2 May 2011

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Transcript of Reform Movements in American History: Social, Political, and Religious.- Kristen G.

. Social Political Religious Women's Movment of the 1960's Labor Movment Progressive Movement Reform Movements
in American History http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1061.html Wanted full equality between genders with no discrimination. Social, Political, and Religious First Great Awakening Second Great Awakening 1730's-1770's 1800's-1830's Countered the "Age of Enlightenment" Jonathan Edwards- (1703–1758) Famous for his speech "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" Gave impassioned religious speeches Strengthened the Protestant faith Western New York was the sight of so many religious revivals it bacame known as the "Burned-Over District" The Appalachian Mountain region was particularly popular for these revivals
Charles Finney- (1792–1875)
-Very charasmatic
- Spoke at meetings like this to mass amounts of people Early Women's movment Abolitionist Movment Populist Movement Environmental Movement Written by Betty Friedan in 1963, "The Feminine Mystique" talks about the discontent that housewifes felt in the 1960's Fought for the spread of information about birth control. Need To Know People: Began in 1848 at the Seneca Falls Convention Elizebeth Cady Stanton drafted the "Declaration of Sentiments". Caused the growth of mebership in many Protestant religions. Need to Know people: Susan B. Anthony - helped to ratify the 19th Amendment Alice Paul - represented the women's cause in Washington D.C. and organized a march along with Lucy Burns Ida B. Wells wrote against lynching and was a muckraker during this time. Elizabeth Cady Stanton - helped draft the "Declaration of Sentiments" Lucretia Mott- also helped with Susan B. Anthony. Ended with the passing of the 19th amendment in August 18, 1920 1848-1920 Betty Friedan - wrote the "Feminine Mystique" 1960-1970's Alice Walker reads "Ain't I a Woman" by Sojourner Truth Was focused on agarian concerns 1891-1902 Wanted to have the distribution of silver instead of gold, which would make farmers richer. William Jennings Bryan- 1860-1925 Famous for his "Cross of Gold Speech" at the Omaha Convention Presented the party views at the Omaha Platform Allowed for women to have the vote Lead to a more equal society for gender Lead to a heavier emphasis on religion that holds over today. 1830's-1870 Presented a very large topic for the election of 1896 election.
Put William Jennings Bryan into public eye. Helped with rise in Christianity during this time period. Main motive was to aboilish slavery First got public notice with William Lloyd Garrison's "The Liberator" in 1931 Fredrick Douglass was a pro-abolitionist speaker as well as a freed slave. Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin"turned the public against slavery in 1852. Ended permenantly in the south when slavery was abolished in Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1870 Ended permanently in the United States when the 14th amendment was passed. Harriet Beecher Stowe published "Uncle Tom's Cabin" in 1852 in an effort to show the negative effects of slavery. The book became a bestseller and is accredited with putting public support behind the abolitionist cause. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5354/ 1900-1914 Focused on the anti-monoply and anti-trust acts, city corruption problems, and public health laws. Used such famous muckrackers as Upton Sincliar, Jacob Riis, Ida B. Tarbell, and Lincoln Steffens. Upton Sinclair- "The Jungle"
Jacob Riis- "How the Other Half Lives"
Ida B. Tarbell- "The History of the Standard Oil Company"
Lincoln Steffens- "The Shame of the Cities" The muckraker's works lead to such things as: The Pure Food and Drug Act as well as the Meat Insepction Act Clayton Anti-Trust Act The Federal Trade Act The Hepburn Act Lasting effects include the restirctions on trade and business that exist today. The goal of the movment was for the human race to take resposibility for the environment and to try and fix the damage already done. Started with the publication of "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson in 1962 1962- 1970's Got the pesticide DDT banned from the U.S. Focused on air and water pollution as well. Lasting effects include the lasting concern over the environment today. 1866-1935 Ended when World War I began Started with the industrail boom after the Civil War. Several unions were started during this time period such as: American Federation of Labor (AFL)- Started and lead by Samuel Gompers, seen as most negotiable because they only accepted skilled white men. Knights of Labor- Terrence Powderly, special for their unresticted membership. Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)- Started by Eugene Debs, killed in the Red Scare because of their socialist roots. Many strikes occured between the unions and the big businesses. In 1935, the Wagner Act recognized the right of workers to organize. Works Cited Foster, F.H. "Biography of Jonathan Edwards." Index Page for Tlogical.net. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.tlogical.net/bioedwards.htm>.
Imbornoni, Ann-Marie. "Women's Rights Movement in the U.S.: Timeline of Events (1921-1979) — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html>.
"The Progressive Movement." United States History. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1061.html>.
Schaff, D.S. "Biography Charles Finney." Index Page for Tlogical.net. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.tlogical.net/biofinney.htm>.
"Second Great Awakening." America - Engaging the World - America.gov. 05 Apr. 2008. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.america.gov/st/educ-english/2008/April/20080407113519eaifas0.3545038.html>.
W
"The Second Great Awakening." United States History. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1091.html>.
"Revolution, Reform, and Protest | 1960's Women's Rights | Event View." Xtimeline - Explore and Create Free Timelines. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=220733>.
"The Abolitionist Movement." Information and Entertainment Center. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://afgen.com/abmovement.html>.

Brinkley, Alan. American History: a Survey. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.
Foster, F.H. "Biography of Jonathan Edwards." Index Page for Tlogical.net. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.tlogical.net/bioedwards.htm>.
Imbornoni, Ann-Marie. "Women's Rights Movement in the U.S.: Timeline of Events (1921-1979) — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html>.
"Populist Movement (political Movement, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/470477/Populist-Movement>.
"Progressive Era." Digital History. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/progressivism/index.cfm>.
"Progressive Era." West Irondequoit Central School District. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.westirondequoit.org/ihs/library/prog2.htm>.
"The Progressive Movement." United States History. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1061.html>.
"[Regents Prep U.S. History] Reform: Progressive Era Reform." Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://regentsprep.org/regents/ushisgov/themes/reform/progressive.htm>.
"Revolution, Reform, and Protest | 1960's Women's Rights | Event View." Xtimeline - Explore and Create Free Timelines. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=220733>.
Schaff, D.S. "Biography Charles Finney." Index Page for Tlogical.net. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.tlogical.net/biofinney.htm>.
W
"Second Great Awakening." America - Engaging the World - America.gov. 05 Apr. 2008. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.america.gov/st/educ-english/2008/April/20080407113519eaifas0.3545038.html>.
"The Second Great Awakening." United States History. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1091.html>.
"Seneca Falls." The National Portrait Gallery. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.npg.si.edu/col/seneca/senfalls1.htm>.
"Women's Rights Movement in the U.S.: Timeline of Events (1921-1979) — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html>.
ERA- Equal Rights Amendment- Passed by Congress, failed when states wouldn't ratify "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson focused on how the pesticide DDT affected the wildlife around the fields it was being used on as well as the animals that lived down the river where the spray would wash away to. It helped to start the environmental protection era of this time. Lead to the trade unions that exist today. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/edwards/sermons.sinners.html
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