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Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale

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by on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale

The Test
Life events were rated with a point value based on how much change they would cause a person
Range from the death of a spouse to a change in sleeping habits to a minor violation of the law
Participants tally the number of each event they have and calculate score
300+ at risk of illness
150-299 risk of illness reduced by 30% from above risk
<150 slight risk of illness
Conclusions
positive correlation of 0.118 between life events and their illnesses
Many further studies were done using diverse samples of different populations
Changes in life events leads to an increase risk of illness
Cultures reacted differently to some events
Shows that perception affects the amount of stress one feels
Stress can be predicted and controlled
Controversy
Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale: Amanda Woo
Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe
Psychiatrists
In 1967, examined 5000 medical patients
Looking to see if stressful events might cause illnesses
Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale, Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)
Scale for non adults
Correlation does not equal causation
Relies on the memories of participants
Life Event Life Change Units
Death of parent 100
Unplanned pregnancy/abortion 100
Getting married 95
Divorce of parents 90
Acquiring a visible deformity 80
Fathering a child 70
Jail sentence of parent for over one year 70
Marital separation of parents 69
Death of a brother or sister 68
Change in acceptance by peers 67
Unplanned pregnancy of sister 64
Discovery of being an adopted child 63
Marriage of parent to stepparent 63
Death of a close friend 63
Having a visible congenital deformity 62
Serious illness requiring hospitalization 58
Failure of a grade in school 56
Not making an extracurricular activity 55
Hospitalization of a parent 55
Jail sentence of parent for over 30 days 53
Breaking up with boyfriend or girlfriend 53
Beginning to date 51
Suspension from school 50
Becoming involved with drugs or alcohol 50
Birth of a brother or sister 50
Increase in arguments between parents 47
Loss of job by parent 46
Outstanding personal achievement 46
Change in parent's financial status 45
Accepted at college of choice 43
Being a senior in high school 42
Hospitalization of a sibling 41
Increased absence of parent from home 38
Brother or sister leaving home 37
Addition of third adult to family 34
Becoming a full fledged member of a church 31
Decrease in arguments between parents 27
Decrease in arguments with parents 26
Mother or father beginning work 26
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