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The Aral Sea

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by zack brown on 30 April 2011

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Transcript of The Aral Sea

The Aral Sea http://aralsea.org/ You can help save the Aral Sea by visiting the Aral Sea Foundation! Satellite view of the Aral Sea http://earth.jsc.nasa.gov/sseop/EFS/printinfo.pl?PHOTO=STS085-711-78 The Aral Sea was once the fourth largest natural lake in the world. At its peak it was about 26,300 sq mi. The Aral Sea began shrinking in the 1960's when the Soviet Union began several irrigation projects that slowly diverted the rivers from feeding the sea. In 2007 geologists determined that the Aral Sea had been reduced to 10% of its original size and had split into four smaller lakes. In 1990 the shrinking sea
started to divide into two With the depletion of the Aral Sea, numerous projects have came about to help save it. The area is now subject to toxic duststorms and desertification. The people of the area have 9 times the world average rate for throat cancer, and infant/maternity mortality is the highest in all of the former Soviet Union's republics.
Respiratory complications, tuberculosis and eye diseases are also rising at an alarming rate Before the Soviet Union disbanded the Aral Sea was where weapons were tested. Bioweapons facility were on the Vozrozhdeniya Island, which is in the middle of the sea The ecosystem around the Aral Sea is heavily polluted due to the fertilizer runoffs, pesticides and debree from weapon testing. The child mortality rate is a high rate of 75 in every 1,000 newborns and a maternity death rate of 12 in every 1,000 women.

*USDA-Foreign Agriculture Service (2008). In 1989, a film called Psy was made by Director Dmitriy Svetozarov. (Soviet) Was made on location and showed actual abondaned buildings and scattered stuff.

Documentary called Delta Blues produced by mirrorMundo foundation.

World broadcast from BBC called 'Back from the Brink' The two rivers that led into Aral Sea that were blocked
by Soviets: Amu-Darya (South) / Syr Darya (Northside) In 1987, the continuing shrinkage split the lake into two separate bodies of water, the North Aral Sea (the Lesser Sea, or Small Aral Sea) and the South Aral Sea (the Greater Sea, or Large Aral Sea). In January 1994, the countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan signed a deal to pledge 1% of their budgets to helping the sea recover. http://unimaps.com/aral-sea/ As fishing was a major and profitable business for the islands around the Aral Sea, the industry slowly became obsolete as the sea shrank. People lost homes and necessary support as the industy disappeared. As the sea is more a dessert than a sea, boat vessals can be found throughout the land Proposed Soultions were:
Charging farmers to use the water from the rivers;
Using different cotton species, which use less water;
Melting glaciers in Siberia, and moving the water to refill the Aral
Using fewer chemicals on the cotton
Redirecting water from the Volga, Ob and Irtysh rivers. This would restore the Aral Sea to its former size in 20-30 years at a cost of $30 billion. This video is an animated timeline of the regression of the Aral Sea SOURCES: http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Aral_Sea/id/1916705 (movie)
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Aral_Sea (Aral sea)
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/21934/Amu-Darya (river from south)
http://www.orexca.com/syr_darya_river_uzbekistan.shtml (river from north)
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CCMQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.drtsmckay.com%2Fapesfiles%2FThe%2520Aral%2520Sea.doc&rct=j&q=islands%20bordering%20Aral%20Sea&ei=dHi1Tb2KKtKgtwfL-f3pDg&usg=AFQjCNH5iKdpAC8TX0s9z2cwKfAYovfYNQ&cad=rja (word resource)
http://unimaps.com/aral-sea/ (Aral Sea)
Sea-1997 http://www.africanwater.org/aral.htm http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/05/aral-sea-evaporation-nasa-satellite-photos.php http://www.aralsea.org/resources/0280-aralsea-chrono-EN.jpg
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