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La guerra civil de Guatemala y El genocidio guatemalteco

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by Matt Kormanek on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of La guerra civil de Guatemala y El genocidio guatemalteco

Guerra civil de Guatemala ¿ Qué es y dónde está Guatemala? Guatemala es un país montañoso en América central, al sur de México, al oeste de Belíce al norte de El Salvador, y al norte de Honduras. Guatemala es un país montainous situado en America Central. Guatemala está sur localizado de México, al oeste de Belice, y norte de El Salvador y de Honduras. El capital de Guatemala es Guatemala de la Asunción, y el país se conoce para su biodiversidad. La guerra civil y el genocidio El gobierno guatemalteco, usando el ejército guatemalteco, comenzó un movimiento del suppressin contra los Mayans, que él creyó trabajaba hacia un golpe comunista. La guerra civil guatemalteca mató a 200.000 indígenas. El ejército guatemalteco atacó 626 pueblos. Asesinaron cada persona en la comunidad. El ejército quemó los hogares y las cosechas de los aldeanos. El ejército venció a los niños y ponerlos en una zanja y los vientres de las mujeres embarazadas fueron cortadas abiertas. Ove el 85% de la gente que murió era indígena. Durante la guerra civil y el genocidio, los Estados Unidos continuaron la ayuda el gobierno guatemalteco. La CIA también trabajó con el gobierno guatemalteco durante este tiempo. ¿Quién es Rigoberta Menchú? Ella es un guatemalteco indígena que es un activista para los derechos humanos. Ella acusó al ejército guatemalteco de tener muchas violaciones de los derechos humanos durante la guerra civil guatemalteca. Ella ganó el Nobel Peace
Prize en 1992. Documentación del testigo #1: 'I was 10 years old. The patrollers pushed me to the ground with some of the other children and we were told to stay there and keep our faces down. I tried to look up and saw my mother and sister in line with the other women. One by one they disappeared over the brow of a hill, and I could hear their screams. I could see my mother and sister approaching that brow. I was kicked and told to keep my head down. When I looked up again, over to the line of women, my mother and sister were no longer there. For two years a patroller kept me prisoner, but then I escaped.' #2: 'The United States did not bear direct responsibility for any act of genocide, the Commission said. However, its government had known what was going on in the Guatemalan countryside. It had not raised any objections and had continued to support the Guatemalan army. In that sense, the United States was implicated. As for American businesses, the Guatemalan subsidiary of Coca-Cola had mercilessly pursued the trade union movement for years, and a dozen union leaders had been killed. The Commission said that the truth had been told in its report with the purpose of improving the condition of the peoples of Guatemala. Individuals and groups had the right to know who was responsible. While the Commission was not allowed to name perpetrators or attribute responsibility, the report indicates times and names institutions. People could deduce who was in charge. Everyone knew who had been President and Chief of Staff of the army in 1982 and 1983. If the perpetrators were brought to trial, it would be through the Ministry of Justice. People had every right to bring the accused to justice, the Commissioner stressed.' ¿preguntas?
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