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The Great Depression, Recovery, and WWII

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by Catherine Adams on 4 August 2010

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Transcript of The Great Depression, Recovery, and WWII

The Stock Market Crash BOOM TO BUST Bank Failures Hoovervilles The Bonus Army FDR The New Deal Emergency Banking Relief Act Relief Recovery Reform Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Public Works Administration Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation
(FDIC) Agricultural Adjustment
Administration (AAA) National Recovery
Administration (NRA) Federal Emergency Relief Administration
(FERA) Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) Farm Credit Administration (FCA) Rural Reforms The Dust Bowl "The Grapes of Wrath" Rural Electrification Administration (REA) Entertainment Radio "War of the Worlds" Theater "Anything Goes" Movies "Gone With the Wind" "Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs" "The Wizard of Oz" The Big Bands Tommy Dorsey Glenn Miller Benny Goodman The Second New Deal The Works Progress
Administration (WPA) Hoover Dam The National Labor
Relations Board (NLRB) The Social Security Act National Youth
Administration (NYA) African-Americans
and the New Deal Fireside Chats The Great Depression and the New Deal World War II The Rise of Dictators War Breaks Out Escalation Pearl Harbor Mobilization Worldwide War The War at Home Victory in Europe War with Japan Nuremburg Laws Jesse Owens and the 1936 Olympics Mussolini Hitler Tojo American Neutrality Blitzkrieg Appeasement Isolationism The Battle of Britain Axis Powers Allied Powers Women in the
Military Manufacturing Jeep Boeing Europe Africa Russia Rosie the Riveter African-Americans
and the War Fair Employment
Practices Commission Tuskegee Airmen Japanese Internment Operation Overlord V-E Day Hitler's Death Camps Auschwitz Buchenwald Liberating the Death Camps The Yalta Conference Nagasaki Atomic Warfare Hiroshima Enola Gay Japanese Surrender http://timeline.demesnes.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/1929-stock-market-crash.jpg On October 29, 1929 the Bull market ended with a crash. People lost everything - their jobs, homes, businesses. The crash was
devastating. http://www.learner.org/biographyofamerica/prog20/feature/images/20_1_paper.gif The Nuremburg laws were anti-Semitic laws passed in 1935 Nazi Germany saying that Jews did not have citizenship and deprived them of marriage to other Germans. https://jspivey.wikispaces.com/file/view/Nuremberg_Laws2.jpg/33777901/Nuremberg_Laws2.jpg This is a German newspaper documenting the laws. Nazi Germany Nazi soldiers,marching to battle Hitler burned books that he didn't like. These included Torah's, and books that oposed him or the german goverment. The Tuskegee airmen were the first African American military aviators to fight in World War II. http://www.nwafa.net/album2/slides/Tuskegee%20Airmen%20.jpg this is a painting of a tuskegee airman. Above, Hugh Johnson, Fiorello LaGuardia
and Robert Moses on Grand Street to
start a section of the
FDR Drive, 1934. NRA Blue eagle poster.
This would be displayed in
store windows, on packages,
and in ads. The National recovery
administration was created
under the new deal in 1933
by Franklin D. Roosvelt.
The NRA created fair and
balanced buisness practices
and helped workers rights
by setting minimum wages
and maximum weekly hours. Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers were important film icons. Going to see their movies helped people to take their minds off the war. It was hard times and since there weren't any TVs at home in those days so going to the movies was like watching the news. It told people what was going on in the world but sometimes in a humoress way. The easy go-happy feelings that Fred and Ginger had made the movies very enjoyable to see, They made 18 movies during world war II such as, Shall We Dance, Care Free, Kitty Foyle, Primrose Path, and Swing Time. Rogers and Astaire were known around the world, even Anne Frank had a photo of Ginger Rogers in her bedroom when hiding from the Nazis. Ginger Rogers
and Fred Astaire http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/8/22?catId=12 http://wikipedia.com Death camps were
for Jews who the Natzis caught and about 75% of
people were killed
in ovens. The camps
were not only
terrifying but filled
with disease and starvation. http://www.whale.to/b/Buchenwald_Congressman_Views_Crematorium.jpg This was one of the ovens in camp Buchenwald. http://images.watoday.com.au/2009/03/10/412218/auschwitz-420x0.jpg When the people got burned the Nazis
took off their clothes and shoes.
2.5 million were killed and 500,000
died from disease or starvation. http://www.krakow-poland.com/image_magic.php?title=x&imgid=becc&width=gaed ba&height=a&ext=jpg Auschwitz was the
largest camp in
the world and was
created by
Heinrich Himmler V-E day is when the World war II allies formaly accepted the unconditional surrender of the Nazi forces. Australia & the Pacific A picture of a ship being destroyed during the
Battle of the Coral Sea The Battle of the Coral Sea http://www.knowledgerush.com/wiki_image/8/87/BattleCoralSea.jpeg http://www.federalgalleries.com/BattleoftheCoralSea.jpg The Air force over the Coral Sea during The Battle of Coral Sea. Between May 4th and 8th 1942, this was a major battle between the Japanese Navy and allied forces from the US and Australia. The Japanese planned to invade and occupy Fort Moresby in New Guinea. Both sides lost many ships and this especially hurt the Japanese in the battle of Midwasy. http://www.finalfantasyxiii.info/images/aussieflag.gif The Australian Flag Midway Island Between June 4th and 7th 1942, approximately a month after the Battle of the Coral Sea and six months after the attack on Pear Harbor, the US defeated the Japanese Navy at Midway Atoll. The Japanese planned to lure the US into a trap then take the Midway Atoll, but the Americans discovered the plan and set up their own ambush. The air force bombing during The Battle of Midway http://content.artofmanliness.com/uploads/2009/12/midway.jpg http://cupofcha.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/american-flag.jpg The American Flag http://www.countryreports.org/flags/flagThumb.aspx?flag=JA The Japanese Flag http://www.delsjourney.com/images/family_history/ww2/neosho/coral_sea/maps/Battle_of_the_Coral_Sea_Map_-_Japanese_Plan_-_140dpi.gif Map of the Battle of the Coral Sea http://lib.byu.edu/sites/muw/files/2009/05/v-e-newspaper.jpg V-E day stands for Victory in Europe day More than one million people celebrated
in the streets. There were many parades
on V- Day such as this one... http://www.gtj.org.uk/storage/components/batch_9205/GTJ69104_2.jpg adolf hitler comited suicide on april 30th, he was replaced by Karl Dönitz The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio speeches given by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_zUq8JuOcuWA/SXSanoUd4oI/AAAAAAAAAfc/X0KtSEPhORk/s320/FDRfiresidechat2.jpg Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32 President in the USA http://www.famousquotes.com/images/authors/franklin_delano_roosevelt.jpg In 1941, Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, which created the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC). The President's order stated that the federal government would not hire any person based on their race, color, creed, or national origin. The FEPC was supposed to enforce the order to ban discriminatory hiring within the
federal government and in corporations that
received federal contracts. http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/photos/assets/photos/1008.jpg In 1935 the Rural Electric Administration or REA was created to bring electricity to country areas like the Tennessee Valley. http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/REA_lineman.jpg/240px-REA_lineman.jpg The Rural Electrification Act was
one of President Roosevelt's ideas,
to help get people jobs and
electricity during the
Great Depression. http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/History/21H-126America-in-Depression-and-WarSpring2003/30558F52-9571-46D0-877D-1377C1250561/0/lect3_9.jpg Roosevelt also hoped that access to electricity would make businesses come to these country areas. Marian Anderson Marion is famous because she was a fighting African-American.
Anderson became an important figure in the struggle for black artists to
overcome the problems of racism and other things in the United States.
The Daughters of the American Revolution Hall in 1939. With the help of
President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, Anderson
performed a critically acclaimed open-air concert on Easter Sunday, in 1939 on
the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. to a crowd of more than
75,000 people and a radio audience in the millions. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/MarianAndersonLincolnMemorial.png Marian Anderson performing at the Lincoln memorial to a crowd of 75,000 people in 1939. http://www.bet.com/Assets/BET/Published/image/jpeg/080718b6-7f39-68d8-d066-46d920a613f8-news_fb_Marian_Anderson.jpg First black to perform at the Metropolitan
Opera in New York City in 1955. http://myloc.gov/_assets/Exhibitions/naacp/greatdepression/Assets/23838v_enlarge.jpg Marian Anderson singing at the "I have a dream....” that same year she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Mary McLeod Bethune Was an African-American who was a special adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
She took an early interest in her own education and Bethune attended college hoping to become a missionary in Africa but failed. Started a school for black girls in Daytona Beach of six students, grew and merged with an institute for black boys and eventually became the Bethune-Cookman School. She was president of the college from 1923 to 1942 and 1946 to 1947, one of the few women in the world who served as a college president at that time. http://fpc.dos.state.fl.us/memory/OnlineClassroom/MaryBethune/images/Eleanor.jpg Eleanor Roosevelt visits with Mary McLeod Bethune http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/media_content/m-5865.jpg Mary McLeod Bethune civil rights leader and educator http://www.tqnyc.org/2006/NYC063370//podiummarybethune.jpg Mary McLeod Bethune making a speech at a podium http://www.conservapedia.com/New_Deal this cartoon shows the US farmers rolling over the US tax payers The agricultural adjustment administration payed farmers to reduce crop area http://hnn.us/resources/beitonra.jpg This cartoon shows the South squeezing people with the federal farm relief http://www.nisk.k12.ny.us/fdr/fdr_farm/33032802.GIF This shows the federal reserve putting in a new beam in the nation's agricultural credit system The farm credit administration regulated and examined banks. They provided credit to the farmers. http://www.wipo.int/ipdl/IPDL-IMAGES/SIXTERXML-IMAGES/images/us23.jpg This is the seal of the farm credit administration http://www.millionaireacts.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/bank-failures-during-the-great-depression.gif Customers wait outside the American Union Bank in 1929, hoping to withdraw their savings. http://markettalk.newswires-americas.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/bankfailure.jpg Banks were mostly unregulated before 1929, meaning it was easy to open a bank and walk away from the problem when the bank failed. Many Americans lost their savings when the banking system collapsed. http://cdn.crooksandliars.com/files/uploads/2009/03/hooverville_bb9c1.jpg http://www.markville.ss.yrdsb.edu.on.ca/projects/classof2008/cotey/law/hooverville.gif http://www.financialjesus.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/great-depression-living.jpg http://www.glogster.com/media/1/6/37/44/6374468.jpg https://sites.google.com/site/teacher18/_/rsrc/1236806546712/gd/centralparkhooverv.jpg Seattle's Hooverville Hoovervilles sprung up all over the United States. People travelled around the country looking for work. Shanty towns popped up around the country as more and more people lost their jobs. They were called "Hoovervilles" after the President of the United States at the time, Herbert Hoover, because he allegedly let the nation slide into depression. http://daphne.palomar.edu/scrout/ams100/ArtProfile/snow-white-and-the-seven-dwarfs-1.jpg http://www.thepanamanews.com/pn/v_13/issue_16/images/Anything_Goes.jpghttp:/ http://www.hollywoodjesus.com/movie/disney/kiss.gif Snow White- Snow white was the first disney movie released Dec 21st 1937. Both of these were a beam of light in a time of darkness. When you go to a movie or a show its like you're in a world of magic. You get sucked into the show and leave your worries behind. And thats just what the people in the depression needed. Snow white brought people into a fairy-tale full of wonder, the dwarfs gave them some thing to laugh at, her romance gave them a reason to smile, and the conflict with the the ruthless queen gave them something to ponder. All of these things took their minds of the constant loss and sadness. Anything goes also held these aspects. Seeing the people on stage gave them reasurence that such happiness was possible in their doomsday scenario. www.google.com/images www.google.com/images http://www.hardscrabblefarm.com/swaps/images/rickj-jeep.jpg This is a jeep at the camp
probably in WW1. http://home.freeuk.net/rmarg/gallery/image.jpg Here's a jeep in a feild. I researched about JEEPs
that were in WW1. I'm guessing that most of them are in museums now. http://www.atterburybakalarairmuseum.org/Capt_Hammons_Jeep.jpg WAR RATIONS Here is a WAR R ATION. And it says Marion E. Bagley on it. http://www.mainememory.net/media/images/450/75/9329.JPG This is a type of WAR RATION too. http://www.tommyspackfillers.com/3dviews/RL080_01.jpg http://www.genealogytoday.com/guide/ww2/rb_decal.jpg The Wacs were the Womens Army Corps this was part of the womens part of the us army, but later is became an actual part of the army. WACS http://www.ohiohistory.org/etcetera/exhibits/kilroy/waryears/images/milwomen1.jpg http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/Website/Graphics/Nisei%20WAC.jpg The WACS parading
And to the left the are
132 people http://www.kilroywashere.org/04-Images/Marianna/04-TilleryWAC-Parade.jpg WAVES The WAVES stood for "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service," they served as emergency people for wartime and other times. http://www.bluejacket.com/usn/posters/post_navy_enlist-waves_release_ww2.jpg http://www.history.navy.mil/ac/posters/wwiiwomen/70-623-n.jpg http://library.uncg.edu/dp/wv/biggie/8/WV0017.8.001-01.jpg A sign recruting woman into the WAVES Pay for WAVES A Navy WAVES outfit. WAFS The WAFS was another thing it stood for Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron they flew military aircrafts. It was also a organization for civilan woman to fly military aircrafts for the United states army aircraft. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ueWexgdNQEc/Sfz85NUPuCI/AAAAAAAAAEg/WaXoooE_rCU/s320/400-202xtraWAFS+LIFE.jpg http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/shared/media/photodb/photos/050406-F-1234P-099.jpg http://www.army.mil/women/images/wasps/patch.gif The Siege of Stalingrad was a battle between the Soviets and the Germans to take hold of the Caucasus regions from August 1942- January 1943. The battle stopped in November 1942 when the Soviets counterattacked the Germans and won of the region. http://www.dhm.de/lemo/objekte/pict/ba104716/index.jpg http://www.theeasternfront.co.uk/Graphics/paulus1.jpg http://history.sandiego.edu/GEN/images3/navajo-codetalkers01.jpg http://navajocodetalkers.org/photos/# http://navajocodetalkers.org/photos/?id=1# Navajo Code Talkers The Navajo Code Talkers were farm boys and sheepherders who used their native tongue to pass messages on and to confuse the Japanese in World War II. As the Navajo language is extremely hard to learn without early exposure it was extremely difficult to decipher. The concept of it being used as a code language was conceived by Phillip Johnston and put into effect in 1942. Being a Navajo Code Talker required a lot of training in the language and the communicating methods. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration, or FERA, was created by the Roosvelt administration in order to fight unemployment. FERA was enacted under the new deal and provided state assistance to the unemployed and their families. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration was terminated in 1935 and its work taken over by the WPA and the Social security board. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:FERA_camp_in_Pennsylvania.jpg http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/0/L/5/1934fera1.gif FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Administration) camp for unemployed Negro women, Atlanta, Georgia, 1934. FERA camps for unemployed women in Arcola, Pennsylvania;
"Second Camp", ca. 07/1934. In the spring of 1932, thousands of veterans from WWI marched on Washington to demand bonuses that were promised to them at the end of the war. When Congress didn't act, the vets set up the first "Hooverville" outside the capitol. Hoover called in the army and the troops leveled the encampment, shocking Americans and making them think that Hoover was heartless. http://www.britannica.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/bonus-army.jpg http://www.alamo.edu/pac/faculty/rhines/images/bonuscapital.jpg http://www.newdeal20.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/tva.jpg http://tva.com/75th/quilt/3.jpg http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/omb/budget/fy2006/images/other-5.jpg It controlled the flood waters of the Tennessee River wich gave them electyricity and improved navigating. The TVA promissed to improve the Tennessee River, and the land around it. The TVA would also assist in the creation of a government. The TVA was one of the most acomplished in that time. President Roosevelt signed the Tennessee Valley Authority Act on May 18, 1933, creating the TVA as a Federal corporation.Tennessee Valley Authority Act, as part Roosevelt's first 100 days in office. The TVA was not perfect they had many prolemes that took time to solve. At an affordable price they brought electricity to thousands of people. The Allies were against the Axis powers in WWII. They included China, England, France, Russia and the USA. http://isite.lps.org/jelsener/web/images/fdr106.gif http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-maps/image/world-war-2.jpg http://www.strangedangers.com/images/content/129041.jpg map of the Allies Stalin, Roosevelt,
and Churchill. tank improvements Jesse Owens was the first man to win four gold medals ever. He also set many world records before the Olympics. http://www.weltchronik.de/ws/bio/o/owensJ/oj01980a-OwensJesse-19130912b-19800331d-02.jpg http://www.clevelandseniors.com/images/where/jesse-owens/jesse-owens-statue-3.jpg http://www.greenberg-art.com/.toons/.Toons,%20Obits/qqxsgJesseOwens.gif This is a 1990 U.S. postage stamp of Jesse Owens setting a world record before the Berlin Olympics. This is a statue of Jesse Owens located in Huntington Park at West 3rd and Lakeside Cleveland Ohio. This is a cartoon of Jesse Owens published April 1, 1980 in the Daily News of Los Angeles. http://jonathanrick.com/wp-content/uploads/2004/05/adolf-hitler.jpg Hitler was the dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945 and the cause of the holocaust because supposedly, a Jewish person assassinated a high ranking German guy, and Hitler decided to be a jerk and killed 3,000,000 Jews. The allied forces decided to intervene and Hitler and his wife committed suicide
in a cellar. Hideki Tojo was the general of the Japanese army in 1935 and was captured by the Americans. He
shot himself in the chest as he was captured, but http://www.riveredgeschools.org/Sites/ww2/tojo.jpg survived and was tried
as a war criminal
and executed. http://quierosaber.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/mussolini.jpg Mussolini was the Prime Minister of Italy and the commander of the army until 1943 where he was replaced and died. Rosie the Riveter was a symbol
of women power during WWII. Women were
needed to work because the men were of
fighting. http://www.carmenelectrode.com/wp-content/rosie.jpg http://roulettevintage.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/rosie.jpg http://rlv.zcache.com/rosie_the_riveter_cap_hat-p148210451920199358trp1_210.jpg This is a Rosie the Riveter action figure
made by the company called Accoutrements This is a poster of Rosie the Riveter. A Rosie the Riveter hat one of the many merchandise of her today http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Politics/images-2/adolf-hitler.jpg http://libweb.hawaii.edu/digicoll/hwrd/hwrd_gifs/746f.gif V-E day is when the World war II allies formaly accepted the
unconditional surrender of the
Nazi forces. http://cache1.asset-cache.net/xc/50498697.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=E41C9FE5C4AA0A1423622CA1E036BEA75B5ED8620271ECB3EB685CE2520654BEB01E70F2B3269972 Winston churchill waves to citizens after broadcasting the news http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/German_instrument_of_surrender2.jpg/790px-German_instrument_of_surrender2.jpg The surrender document The office of Civilian Defense was citizens helping out with war efforts. People organized fire protection and blackouts and helped with other emergencies. http://www.in.gov/library/exhibits/ww2/2isl_block.jpg http://www.americainwwii.com/images/busywiththeblitz.gif The FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, maintains and promotes public confidence in the u.s. financial system. It was created in 1993 in result of many bank closures in the 1920s and early 30s. http://blog.prospect.org/blog/ezraklein/financial_sector/ This is one of the FDIC seals. http://hallofrecord.blogspot.com/2009_08_01_archive.html This is an FDIC logo showing the least amount that a depositor would be ensoured The Civilian Conservation Corps was a public relief program for unemployed men during the Great Depression. The type of work was manual labor that was related to the protection and development of natural resources in rural areas. This program ran from 1933 to 1942 when Franklin D. Roosevelt was President. http://images.publicradio.org/content/2008/03/27/20080327_conservcorps_33.jpg A CCC team at camp in Lewiston, Minn. in 1933. http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Ccc_pillow.jpg A CCC pillowcase on display at the CCC museum in Chicago. http://a3.powerset.com/assets/orig/240px/CCC_constructing_road.gif CCC constructing a road with bricks. The PWA was a New Deal agency created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in response to the Great Depression. This program ran from 1933-1939. The PWA focused on large-scale public works projects such as building dams, bridges, streets, and highways and employed many people. http://newdeal.feri.org/images/m78.gif Philadelphia Public Housing project built by the PWA. http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/images/uploaded/posts/screen_4a2d6e9301bcd.jpg PWA building roads in North Carolina http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/images/fdrl_pwa_27-0904a.jpg The Home Owners Corp refinanced homes to stop forclosure. they also extended loans that started as short term loans to completley spread out the loans over a longer period of time. It was established in 1933 as a result of the great depresion. This is a picture that represents that they can answer your money problems http://homeowners-loan-corporation.com/ (GABE) Amanda Elijah Elijah http://picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/workpromotesconfidence1.jpg The WPA had a huge impact on the American economy during the Great Depression and this is their logo. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/WPA_road_project.gif A group of men working on a WPA project. The Works Progress Administration was founded to bring jobs to Americans and to get jobs that needed badly to be done, done. They built and fised up buildings, roadways, and many other structures so that they could be useful in the future. It played a large part in getting America back on its feet from financial ruin. http://www.conservapedia.com/images/thumb/7/77/Wpa-dem.jpg/300px-Wpa-dem.jpg A cartoon showing the WPA as a government plot to make the people do all the work for little money. This shows that the WPA was not popular with everyone. The Hoover Dam was completed in 1936. Named after Herbert Hoover, the 31st president of the United States and christened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the US. It was at the time both the largest hydroelectric power source in the world, and the United States' largest concrete structure. http://www.starlinetours.com/images/LasVegas/HooverDam-Front.jpg http://sweeeet.nutty.org/hoover-dam-aerial-91_4.jpg An aireal view of the Hoover Dam. The Hoover Dam, located on the
borders of Arizona and Nevada. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/images/gallery/hoover/Wash-No-2244.jpg The Hoover Dam in construction. Augie The broadcasting of War of The Worlds was a big part in the history of radio. It was a skit of an alien invasion. It was so realistic that many people thought it was true. Everyone needed a break from the Depression and politics. Even though money was tight, everyone could listen to the radio. Most families had radios in more than one room in the house. A big console radio might sit in the living room. Izzy Izzy giving in to a hostile nation in return for peace a deliberate policy of staying out of international affairs http://www.uk82.com/images/bands/blitzkrieg/blitzkrieg1.jpg http://www.2worldwar2.com/images/blitzkrieg-in-russia.jpg http://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/imgs/blitzkrieg-2.jpg The German army used the Blitzkrieg tactic during WWII. Blitzkrieg means "lightning war", they would use this for fast sneak attacks on victims. More German soldiers doing Blitzkrieg. Poster of some sort of Nazis attacking People advancing to the target (Nazis) The Bombing of Shanghai Shanghai in China seemed like a long way away for Americans when the Japanese attacked in 1937. Japan sought to take over China. Pearl Harbor is the army base in Hawaii that was attacked by the Japanese in 1941. The attack was supposed to prevent the US from joining the war, but they joined for Revenge. http://gcaptain.com/maritime/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor_Japanese_planes_view.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/Burning_ships_at_Pearl_Harbor.jpg http://www.filmposters.it/imgposter/grandi/pearlharbor.jpg Pearl harbor before
the attack Burning ships Pearl harbor To the left is a picture of the movie poster. The major Axis Powers were Germany, led by Hitler, Japan, led by Emporer Hirohito, and Italy, led by Mussolini. Each of these countries was governed by a dictator. http://www.animationarchive.org/pics/szyk01.jpg This is a caricature of Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito to fuel American hatred of them. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/images/pearl-harbor.gif America planned to defeat Hitler's German troops. Japan had an alliance with Germany. Japan justified the attack on American Pearl Harbor to liberate Asia from the colonial domination of Europe and America. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:WWII.png The Axis powers (Japan, Italy, and Germany) and their allies are in orange and the neutral countries are in gray. Nicholas Reyna http://aix1.uottawa.ca/~sperrier/europe/cours21/images/Yalta_summit_1945_with_Churchill,_Roosevelt,_Stalin.jpg The Yalta Conference, nicknamed called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was February 4–11, 1945 wartime conference of the alphas of government. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin attended the conference. http://cf.juggle-images.com/fit/white/600x600/wg-yalta-conference-1.jpg this is the room where the conference happened So what was the point? Discussing Europe's postwar reorganization. Mainly, it was intended to discuss the re-establishment of the countries of war-torn Europe. D-Day Operation Neptune best known as D-Day, happened on June 6, 1944 at 6:30 A.M. D-Day was meant to overpower the Germans' in Normandy, France. It was an allied attack and many, many people lost their life while storming the beaches. (through the entire operation.) Operation Overlord was a code name for an invasion of Western Europe as a part of WWII by allied forces, and started with D-Day (Normandy landings) on June 6, 1944. During the month of August over 3 million troops had landed in Europe as part of Operation Overlord. http://gregdooley.com/images/worldflames_059_v93.jpg Storming the beaches at Normandy http://www.army.mil/-images/2007/05/31/5337/army.mil-2007-06-06-120442.jpg Para-trooper getting ready to jump... http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/v/4/dday34.jpg While storming the beaches a bunch of lives were lost. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/files/images/EA26319.fullsize.jpg While storming the beaches many got wounded and need help getting up the beach. http://www.picturehistory.com/images/products/0/4/3/prod_4310.jpg Make shift graves were made to remember the dead Modern Warfare Sherman Tanks were tanks designed to be able to travel under water. These tanks were used in the Normandy invasion known as D-day. Being in a Sherman Tank was dangerous. The tank could sink at any time. The tank had a 75mm M3 L/40 gun, a 50 cal Browning MBH2 Machine Gun and two 30-06 Browning M1919A4 Machine Guns. http://www.wpclipart.com/armed_services/tanks/Sherman_Tank_WW2.png The USS Texas was an American battleship that fought in World War 2. It won 5 battle stars for its service in the war. These where its weapons. 10 to 12 in (250 to 300 mm) (amidships); 6 in (150 mm) (aft),10 in (250 mm) and 11 in (280 mm); 9 in (230 mm,5 to 12 in (130 to 300 mm), 14 in (360 mm) (face); 4 in (100 mm) (top); 8 in (200 mm) - 9 in (230 mm) and 8 in (200 mm) (rear), and 1.5 to 3 in (38 to 76 mm). It now is in a museum. http://www.subsim.com/house/meet2054.jpg Planes and Artillery - Ish Fascism, Communism, and Totalitarianism Forrest Atlantic Charter - Gabe Royal Air Force Curtis MacArthur signing Japanese surrender aboard USS Missouri, 2 Sep 1945, United States National Archives The National youth Administration was a new deal organization that was part of the works progress Administration and was established on June 26, 1935. NYA provided work training for the U.S. citizens between ages of 16 and 25. It offered classes in reading, writing and math and operated two programs 1) Works project program, which trained unemployed, out of school youth. 2)Student Aid program, which provided work-study training for high school, college and graduate students. http://www.core.org.cn/NR/rdonlyres/Science--Technology--and-Society/STS-049JSpring-2004/9F1AC571-6ECA-44C5-802C-B957825C028E/0/chp_riveter.jpg http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/images/fdrl_nya_27-0555a.jpg http://image.absoluteastronomy.com/images/encyclopediaimages/n/ny/nya_typing_class.gif http://georgeramsay.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/ausch1.jpg http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/images/photodb/23-0473a.gif http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauMemorial/Liberation03.jpg
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