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Cocaine and the Economic Deterioration of Bolivia

Anthropology 102 Unit 4 Chapter 15
by Anthropology Group on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Cocaine and the Economic Deterioration of Bolivia

Cocaine and the Economic Deterioration of Bolivia Bolivia Ali Castanedo Matthew Jasmin Jessica Morales Vanessa Ramirez Veronica Webb Ali Matthew Jessica Vanessa Veronica Opinions Cengie Cengie Magarro Helwa Kandil Helwa Questions Past decade - new demands warp system Pocona Trading village Connected the highlands to the lowlands Potatoes Coca Mildly narcotic plant Used by Incas New commodity cocaine Trade route bypasses Pocona Bolivian Patterns Hunt, gather, farm, and mine 1980s - Disrupted due to Western fad Cocaine European and American urban elite "drug of choice" Cut off communities from traditional role in national economy Pocona Cochabamba City in heart of cocaine-producing area Narco elite relatively wealthy Not as much as the working class families in Detroit Six hours from Pocona Effects on the workers Example of a son returning home 1st visit home Brought gifts and food 2nd visit home Brought cocaine for himself and took food away 3rd visit home Brought nothing but took younger sister to sell bread Possibly to introduce her to prostitution Cocaine boom in Bolivia Decline in the standard of living 10 years ago had a gasoline-powered generator Brought electricity to communities Can no longer afford gasoline Dark and silent nights resulted Incredible rates of inflation Peasants rely on barter system Unable to trust the peso Quickly declines in value May rise or fall by as much as 30% in a single day World's largest producer of coca Country with the worst inflation Villages in Bolivia can no longer afford to chew the coca they produce Most men did not work in the fields Farmers and their families managed this First stage of cocaine production Reduce coca leaves to pasta Coca paste Pisacocas Trampled the leaves barefoot for several days Kerosene, salt, acetone, and sulfuric acid Cocaine manufacturers Supply food, drugs, and young prostitutes Half of the people in Chapare developed venereal diseases 1985 introduced the first case of AIDS Indians living in the jungles driven out to work in industry Nearly slaves Fed cocaine in their food Caused addiction and prevented them from leaving Unfortunately, a field of coca is worth 3 times the amount of money as a field of papayas No incentives for the Bolivians to leave this industry any time soon Pocona - Too high of an altitude to grow coca Coca grown in Chapare Men sought jobs working in coca fields Pocona dominated by women and young children Depleted work force Productivity declined substantially Hunger Most products went to feed men in Chapare Chemicals eat away skin on hands and feet Open ulcers erupt Eventually lose ability to stand or walk Smoke addictive cigarettes coated in pasta for the pain Warped their minds similar to their hands and feet Became addicted, irrational, easily angered, and violent Unemployed due to physical or mental deterioration Where did the majority of the coca leaf grow in 1986 in Bolivia? Chapare How did the pisacocas become injured at the coca farms? The chemicals used to reduce the coca into pasta "ate" away at their hands and feet. Pocona is a trading village connected to the highlands & lowlands. What did the highlands & lowlands produce? Highlands - Potatoes
Lowlands - Coca What is coca? A mildly narcotic plant In a single day, how much could inflation fluctuate? 30% Who is the best Anthropology teacher ever? Dr. David of course!
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