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History of Graphics

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by AJ Steele on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of History of Graphics

The Discovery of Clay Tablets. Used by the Mesopotamians to communicate using written form. The witting was called Cuneiform and was based out of the fertile crescent. This system of writing was used from the Bronze age throughout the iron age. Date: 3,000 B.C. The Chinese Produces the First Sheets of Paper. Date: 100 A.D. Carved woodblocks used to print images and large capital letters on paper. Date: 200 Originated in Western Asia. Dates back all the way to 22 AD. This method of writing spread quickly throughout Europe during the medieval ages. Moveable type with Individual Characters Date:1040 Block printing was a costly and time-consuming process, for each carved block could only be used for a specific page of a particular book; besides, a single carving mistake could ruin the whole block. Paper Making begins in Europe Date: 1150 Paper was first made in China during the second century BCE out of hemp, mulberry fibers, and rags.3Paper making finally arrived in Europe in 1150, when the first paper mill was established in Spain. Initially, paper's arrival in Europe went uncelebrated. Johannes Gutenberg and the First Printing Press. Date: 1454 The Gutenberg press with its wooden and later metal movable type printing brought down the price of printed materials and made such materials available for the masses. It remained the standard until the 20th century. J.C. Le Blond, a painter, patents a color printing process Date: 1717 In 1717 J.C. Le Blond moved to London where he received royal patents for the three-color printing process and a three-color tapestry weaving process.The printing process involved using three different intaglio plates, inked in different colors. Alois Senefelder and the invention of lithography. The process of oil and water do not mix. Date: 1796 The Bavarian actor and playwright Johann Alois Senefelder invented stone lithography in 1796 as an inexpensive way to publish one of his plays after extensive experiments with greasy, acid-resistant ink and smooth, fine-grain limestone. Friedrich Koenig develops a rotary press. Date: 1803-1810 Koenig’s first invention arrived 1803 with what was known as the Suhl press, a steam powered system that had inking rollers.Due to the difficult economic conditions in the early 1800s in Germany, Koenig moved to London in 1806 to pursue his ambition as an inventor. The significant breakthrough finally came in 1812 with the invention of a steam-driven cylinder machine. (a.k.a. The Steam Powered Rotary Press) In the 1820s Joseph Nicephore Niepce established that certain chemical compounds are sensitive to light. This led to the invention of photography (between 1829 and 1838) and the use of the photographic process for the printed reproduction of photographs, marking the origins of photogravure and photochemically inscribing an image onto a lithographic stone or intaglio metal plate. The First Screened Photosensitive Metal Plate Date: 1829 William Bullock was an American inventor whose 1863 invention of the web rotary printing press helped revolutionize the printing industry due to its great speed and efficiency. William Bullock of the United States develops the web press. Date: 1863 Invented in 1903 by Ira Washington Rubel, this is the very first offset printing press.The Rubel offset press marked the beginning of a new generation of lino type machines that in time became the dominant printing process. Ira Rubel develops offset printing Date: 1903
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