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CCP

Board of Supervisors Presentation
by Karin Humiston on 9 April 2014

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Transcript of CCP

Community Corrections Partnership
Realignment
Brief Overview of Realignment
Behavioral Health
District Attorney
Social Services
Public Health
Mono County Office of Education
Mono County Sheriff's Office
In 2011, Assembly Bill 109 and 117 were signed to close the revolving door of low-level inmates cycling through prisons.

Overall, the diversion of low-level offenders and parole violators to county jail and/or supervision instead of state prison since 10/2011 has resulted in a population decrease of about 25,000.
Provides services on a weekly basis in the County Jail via AB 109

Behavioral Health shares an employee part time with the Probation Department as a way to provide services county-wide and promote collaboration

Group and individual services provided by Rich Bonneau and Debra Stewart

Rich has provided weekly groups in three communities and the jail. On an average, he provides the following clinical hours weekly: 2 at the jail, 3 in Mammoth, and 3.5 in Benton. Rich just began a group in Bridgeport. Rich's work was honored by Probation for his work and received a Service Medal.

Moral Reconation Therapy training, an evidence based nationally acclaimed program, is being provided to probation and behavioral health

AOD, mental health and crisis intervention
NEEDS
Transition House
Life Skills
3 NONs
non-violent
non-serious
non-sex offender
Increase
to staff time and case preparation
Prepares
parole hearings (3) and added victim/witness services
With
many violators, treatment offered in lieu of custody
Repeat
probation violators (30) would have gone to prison
Public safety

Focus
of rehabilitation over punishment
Shorter
custody terms
Victim
Advocate
Mammoth Lakes P D
While Social Services receives no money from AB 109, we have provided the following services to date for realigned adults:
9 receiving CAL Fresh
1 receiving CAL Works
2 receiving MediCAL
4 receiving County Medical Service
Community Re-entry Services for incarcerated realignment offenders:

o
Benefits Eligibility Assistance

o
Employment and Training Services
Benefits Eligibility Assistance

o
Offenders will meet with eligibility worker (EW) upon release
o
EW assists with referral to proper assistive program
o
Eligibility for emergency assistance determined
o
Access to emergency food pantry
Employment and Training
o
In jail Employment Orientation, upon request
o
On release meet with Case Worker, conduct intake
o
Skills assessment; job search assistance
o
Case Management and individualized activity plan
o
Referrals to adult basic education, GED assessment, alcohol/drug services, behavioral health, SSI application assistance
Factors Impacting Crime?
o
economy
o

police presence and strategies
o
demographic changes
o
tourism
o
weather
Public health is available for health education and can provide STI/HIV and Hepatitis C testing
Bridgeport clinic is the source for
health care in the jail
Public Health can also provide:

Health education
Tobacco Cessation
Pregnancy testing/referral
WIC Well Infant & Children
Adult Immunizations
Wild Iris
As a CCP partner, MCOE has committed to providing the following services:
o
Services through the library
(in custody and out)
o
Conduct transcript evaluation and individual educational plan development
o
Facilitate GED preparation instruction and/or coursework to complete High School Diploma
o
Facilitate access to adult education, career technical education and other continuing course work
Wild Iris is a Victim Service Organization providing:
Services while in custody:
Parenting
/co-parenting
Support
Groups
Counseling

related to victims of sexual assault, domestic violence and/or child abuse
Services after release:
Parenting
/co-parenting
Support

Groups
Counseling
related to domestic violence and/or child abuse
Family Preservation
and support
Supervised visitation
Victim Only Services (after release):
Assistance with
restraining orders
Emergency
shelter
Safety
planning
Legal/medical/personal
advocacy & accompaniment
Information
and referrals
Emergency
food & clothing
Housing
Establishment & relocation
Counseling
for victims of sexual assault
Supervised visitation
for non-custodial parent
Public Defender
The Public Defender provides:

o
Representation and defense of probation violators
o
Representation and defense of violations of mandatory supervision
o
Representation and defense of parole violations
Public Defenders have seen a substantial increase in time dedicated to realignment
Impact of Realignment
Realignment involves offenders to serve their sentence in county jail if convicted under 1170(h) resulting in:
o
Increased inmate population
(28 have been sentenced to date) up to 8 years
o
Increased overcrowding (it's inevitable)
o
Increased cost to house long term inmates
(must now provide medical, dental and eye)
o
Increased need for programming
Increased Need for Programming
Currently offer religious services, group substance abuse counseling and AA

Work Detail October 21st week -
work crews are on the average six inmates/day with a total of 333 work hours per week saving $5000 if county had supplied labor

Work Detail November 3rd week -
work crews are on the average five inmates/day with a total of 442 work hours per week saving $6600 if county had supplied labor
Increased need for space
The jail
was constructed in the
1980's
with no thought to programs

Plan is to use the
EOC room
for programming, groups and education
Funding
was provided by the CCP for the redesign and ORBOCOM project to bring electronic infrastructure to industry and need level
Average Daily Population from 10/1/2011 to 10/1/2013 was 27 males and 2 females
Increased possibility in confrontations between inmates and/or staff
Common penological knowledge that stressed space either through design or numbers of offenders are related to high numbers of conflict
Offenders with extended sentences without constructive activities will increase in sophistication and stress
This alone is reason for increased programs, education and activities are paramount in the jail
On October 5, 2011, Mono County Board of Supervisors approved the Local Implementation and Post Release Supervision Plan submitted by the Community Corrections Partnership (CCP).
Probation
Probation provides supervision of probationers (adult and juveniles) PRCS, Mandatory Supervision, pre-trial, and PC1000 (drug/alcohol diversion).
In order to more effectively supervise, Probation re-organized and turned our attention to supervision in the field
Demographics - Mono
Probation
Risk Score/Caseload by Felony/Misdemeanor

Probationers/Supervision by Gender Total

Probation Violations have increased since February 2013 to present
Why is that?
Many reasons could be affecting the
probation violations but some
variables may be:
o
Increase in number of probationers being supervised
o
Change in type of offenses
o
With low numbers, an increase could be statistically irrelevant in a 5, 10, 20 year study
o
There has been a rise in drug diversion (PC 1000) thereby changing the caseloads with higher risk scores
o
The organizational structure changed allowing for more supervision especially in the field
o
Most probation violations have been new charges - not technical violations

In retrospect, we are watching this change but mindful that our sample is low and should be interpreted with caution.

PC 1170(h) Split Sentences ("Split")
o Since October 2011, Mono County has received 5 Split Sentences
o Four are drug offenses, and one receiving stolen property
o Probation is actively supervising two (2) in the community with three (3) in custody completing their time
o The jail received 28 offenders since October 2011 involved in AB 109 as well as two instances of Flash Incarceration
Post Release Community Supervision (PRCS)
o Mono received seven (7) PRCS Offenders
o BSCC projected Mono would receive four (4)
o Of the seven received, 4 are males, 3 females, 4 Caucasian, 2 Hispanic and 1 Native American
o Offenses of PRCS were theft (4), DUI with prior (1) and drug offenses (2)
No PRCS' are currently being supervised. There have been five (5) successful releases (no new offenses during supervision nor additional charges), one ordered to 1170 (h) Split and is currently in the community under supervision and one PRCS who was scheduled to be released however was pending a sex offense in Nevada before being released on PRCS.



Profile of Mono Offender

The most frequent offender profile in Mono County would be a 20-30 year old Caucasian male charged with felony drug offenses




Community Corrections Partnership
Members of the CCP

Hon.
Stan

Eller
,
Presiding
Dan

Watson
,
Mammoth Lakes, Police Chief
Tim

Kendall
,
District Attorney
Ralph

Obenberger
,
Sheriff
Robin

Roberts
,
Director, Behavioral Health
Byng

Hunt
, Supervisor
Hector

Gonzales
, Chief Executive Officer
Lynda
Salcido
, Director Public Health
Kathy

Peterson
, Director Social Services
Randy

Gephart
,
Legal Defender
Karin
Humiston
,
Probation, Chairperson
Curtis

Hill
, DPO
Susi

Bains
, Director, Wild Iris
Stacey

Adler
, Superintendent, MCO Education

Executive Committee
Police Staffing

Part One Crime

Arrests

Incidents

Probation, while using Evidence Based Practices (EBP), is now evolving to Integrated Management (IM), a management approach to EBP.

Staff first received training in leadership and change paradigms. The training was provided under EBT-TIPS grant and included Justice Partners.

The next step is strategic planning which is scheduled in April.
Probation/Supervised Ethnicity by Risk/Caseload

On October 5, 2011, the CCP outlined the Proposed Outcomes in their Local Implementation Plan (LIP):

1. Implementation of a streamlined and efficient system to manage our additional responsibilities under realignment.

2. Implementation of a system that protects public safety and utilizes best practices in recidivism reduction.

3. Implementation of a system that effectively utilizes alternatives to pretrial and post-conviction incarceration where appropriate.
Outcomes Measurements
1. CCP partner feedback in 2013 measuring effectiveness of mechanisms in place to collaboratively address realignment issues as they arise.

RESULTS
Implementation of a streamlined and efficient system in Mono County to manage our additional responsibilities

o Most members
agree
to
strongly agree

Implementation of a system that protects public safety and utilizes best practices in recidivism reduction.

o Most members agree to
strongly agree
with
25% disagreeing

Implementation of a system that effectively utilizes alternatives to pre-trial and post conviction incarceration where appropriate.

o The
average agree
with
12.5 % disagreeing
.

Curtis Hill just presented several descriptive statistics regarding the type of offender probation is seeing providing:

o
recidivism for the 3 Nons
o
recidivism for parolees (awaiting data as began in July 2013)
o
number and types of offenders sentenced to probation and alternative programs


o
Offenders receiving
straight jail time
(
1170
) consist of the following offenses: Drug, Vandalism, DUI and Theft
o
Offenders receiving
prison time
consist of the following offenses: Drug, Aggravated DUI and Sex Offenses


How do we compare with the State?
Three Judge Panel
Trends in the State since October 2011

18,000 offenders have been diverted from the prisons or roughly
9% of overall reduction

From 10/2011 - 12/2012, violent crime went up 3.4%. The rise in violent crimes have been
unrelated to realignment
although the nation is seeing this same rise. Also, violent crimes are seen more in the top ten largest counties in California.

From 10/2011 - 12/2012, property crimes went up 7.6%. While too soon to tell, there seems to be a
modest
relationship in realignment and robbery. However, related to vehicle thefts which rose 14.6%, there appears to be
robust
evidence between realignment and vehicle theft (with California experiencing the biggest increase in comparison to other states). For Mono, we have had one vehicle theft.

Crime rates in California remain at a
historical low.


2. Implementation of a system that protects public safety and utilizes best practices in recidivism reduction.


The CCP is in the process of refining the
transition program
. Included will be those evidence based practices found to be most effective in working with transitioning offenders.

Since October 2011, probation and behavioral health have been using
evidence based practices
to include cognitive-behavioral therapy, risk and needs assessments, journaling using cognitive approaches through the change company, training staff in both departments in Moral Reconation Therapy, Anger Reduction groups and many other EBP based approaches.

Further, probation has increased the number of
compliance visits
in the community with technical probation violations dropping substantially.
3. Implementation of a system that effectively utilizes alternatives to pretrial and post-conviction incarceration where appropriate.

No pre-trial alternatives and/or post-conviction incarceration alternatives were used with realignment.
On February 10, 2014, the
panel released an opinion
in part approving and in part denying the state's request for the extension of the December 31, 2013 deadline. The state was to operate the prison system at 137.5% design capacity by that date.

The panel, while acknowledging that realignment had been executed, believed that the state executed no
durable solution or "remedy"
to prison overcrowding. They are; however, ready to proceed now.
The State will be granted a two-year extension

The population will be reduced in
three stage "benchmarks"
- June 2014, February 2015 and February 2016

A
Compliance Officer
will be appointed who has the authority to release prisoners if the State does not meet a benchmark date.

Further, the State has agreed to develop comprehensive and sustainable prison population reforms such as establishing a commission to recommend
reforms of state penal and sentencing laws
.

The State has agreed to immediately implement
various population reduction measures
, such as increasing
good time credits
for non-violent second-strike offenders and minimum custody inmates, implementing a new parole determination process by which
second-striker offenders
will be eligible for parole after serving only 50% of their sentence, and
expanding parole
for the elderly and medically infirm.

This extension and agreement will allow for hundreds of millions of dollars to be allocated to a Recidivism Reduction Fund
Not sure how this will
be disbursed.
Mono's CCP Future?

The CCP will continue work in:

Transition Services

Transition House

Increased Programming in both inside the jail and the community


Questions?
Caseload/Risk Level by Gender
See the full transcript