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ABS Briefing

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by Edwin Chipsen on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of ABS Briefing

Santiago Carrizosa, Ph.D.
Senior Technical Adviser
Ecosystems and Biodiversity, UNDP
santiago.carrizosa@undp.org
1. UNDP's contribution to the
CBD
objectives

2. Importance of
ABS
from a development and innovation perspective

3.
ABS
is part of UNDP’s Institutional Mandate

4. GEF-funded
ABS
projects under development and implementation
OUTLINE
Why is ABS important for UNDP?
ABS is part of UNDP's Institutional Mandate:
ABS is part of UNDP's Institutional Mandate:
Development planning and policy reforms
GEF-funded ABS Projects Under Development and Implementation
COLOMBIA
Project Title: Development and production of natural dyes in the Chocó Region of Colombia for the food, cosmetics, and personal care industries under the provisions of the Nagoya Protocol
Developing a natural dye derived from
Genipa americana
for the food, cosmetics and personal care industries.
Strengthening of a value chain involving sustainable and efficient supply and marketing for Genipa americana.
Supporting local and indigenous communities in developing payment and benefit-sharing mechanisms.
Increasing institutional capacity to monitor and negotiate ABS agreements.
Contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of 750 ha of forest that is the habitat of
Genipa americana
Development & Innovation
Morocco
Project Title: Developing a national framework on access to and benefit-sharing of genetic resources and traditional knowledge as a strategy to contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Morocco
Developing a national framework on ABS consistent with the CBD and its Nagoya Protocol
Developing a system for the protection of traditional knowledge
Building capacity for implementing the national ABS framework

GEF-Funded Projects in support of the ratification and implementation of the Nagoya Protocol
agriculture
agrochemical
crop
protection
pharmaceutical
cosmetics
food
manufacturing
Genetic diversity is central to the seed industry. Its top 10 companies had commercial seed sales of
US$ 15 billion
in 2006.
Three-quarters
of the top ranking global prescription drugs contain components derived from plant extracts.
Genetic modification
Biosynthesis
Production of naturally-occurring compounds
Breeding
Development of new varieties of organisms. This includes the transfer of a gene from one organism into another (e.g. pesticide resistance), and the alteration of the genetic makeup of a microorganism to produce enzymes or biofuels.
Use of genetic material as a "factory" to synthesize compounds, such as antibodies, vitamins, hormones, enzymes, or drugs.
Screening and extraction of metabolites from genetic material and chemical synthesis of metabolites occurring in genetic material.
Creation of new varieties and breeds of plants or animals, and other organisms, including those developed for resistance to disease or adaptation to climate change.
Assist countries to facilitate private sector engagement and community involvement in
ABS
deals that transfer monetary and non-monetary benefits from users to providers of genetic resources and traditional knowledge.
Work with governments and stakeholders in developing countries that already have a policy framework in place for
ABS
in order to facilitate
ABS
deals, such as ethical bio-prospecting programmes between users and providers of genetic resources.
Support local and indigenous communities for the development of payment and benefit-sharing mechanisms and bio-cultural community protocols.
Scalable initiatives on sustainable productive capacities
Area of Work 1: Sustainable Development Pathways
...identify options for addressing issues such as...benefit sharing from biodiversity...
...Work will focus on conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and biodiversity as well as creation of employment and livelihoods...
Area of Work 2: Inclusive and effective democratic governance
Governance strengthening and innovation
...Another important aspect will be assisting with the reform of legal and regulatory frameworks so that the poor, indigenous populations and local communities can have secure access to natural resources... as well as to ensure that benefits arising from the sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services can be shared in a fair and equitable way, consistent with international instruments and national legislation...
Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem management into development planning and production sector activities to safeguard biodiversity and maintain ecosystem services that sustain human well-being
Signature
Programme 1
Cook Islands
Mexico
Costa Rica
Panama
Colombia
Ecuador
Morocco
Algeria
Cameroon
South Africa
China
Bhutan
Malaysia
Palau
Micronesia
Vanuatu
Fiji
Argentina
Bhutan
Project Title: Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in Bhutan
Facilitating ratification of the Nagoya Protocol by parliament
Strengthening the National Regulatory and Institutional framework on ABS
Building capacity for implementation of the National ABS Framework
Facilitating implementation of a national ABS framework through:
(i) Negotiation of two ABS agreements compliant with the Nagoya Protocol and that facilitate the conservation of biodiversity
(ii) Identification of five lead compounds in order to develop two trial products for the manufacturing, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries

Many
thanks!

Many
thanks!

In 2000, the size of the market for products based on genetic resources was estimated between
US$ 500 and 800 billion
per year
.
santiago.carrizosa@undp.org
COOK ISLANDS
Strengthening the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in the Cook Islands
Strengthening the National Regulatory and Institutional framework for ABS
Facilitating ratification of the Nagoya Protocol by parliament
Building capacity for the implementation of the National ABS Framework
Facilitating bio-discovery, benefit-sharing and biodiversity conservation based on traditional knowledge on bone regeneration facilitated by a plant compound
www.undp.org
(157 unread)
NPIF
GEF TF
NPIF
NPIF
thegef.org
St. Lucia
Vietnam
UNDP's contribution to the
CBD
objectives
1. UNDP is the
largest
UN agency in terms of its
biodiversity portfolio
which is currently worth about
US$ 5.1 billion
2. UNDP has worked with
85 countries
to support over
2,000 protected areas
which cover about
272 million hectares
(Objective 1 of CBD)
3. UNDP has engaged or partnered with a wide range of
production sectors
in
38 countries
. Over
244 million hectares
of production land and seascape (Objective 2 of CBD)
4. Since 2012, UNDP has
consolidated implementation of the third objective of the CBD
through GEF-funded projects that facilitate not only the ratification of the Nagoya Protocol but also access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing in about
20 countries
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