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TOPIK 3- PEMIKIRAN TAMADUN ISLAM ZAMAN PERTENGAHAN

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by Wani Hazwani on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of TOPIK 3- PEMIKIRAN TAMADUN ISLAM ZAMAN PERTENGAHAN

Notes
Zaman Kelahiran (Permulaan)
Zaman Kemajuan (Keturunan
Marwan Bin al-Hakam)
Zaman Kemunduran
TOPIK 3- PEMIKIRAN TAMADUN ISLAM ZAMAN PERTENGAHAN
Introduction
Dua kerajaan yang terlibat pada Zaman pertengahan
Tamadun Islam Zaman Kerajaan Bani Umaiyyah
bermulanya, selepas berlaku pembunuhan khalifah ali bin Abi Talib.
Syarat: - pemerintahan berdasar Al-Quran dan AlSunnah
- pertahan sistem bai'ah dan syura
-tidak jadikan jawatan Khalifah sbg warisan keluarga
- memuliakan keluarga nabi Muhammad SAW

91 tahun pentadbiran, wilayah yang ditakluki terdiri drpd Sepanyol, Afrika Utara, Syria, Palestin, Jazirah Arab, Iraq, Iran, Afganistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan dan Wilayah Afrika Utara.

Zaman Kemuncak Kerajaan bani Umaiyyah
Bidang politik dan pentadbiran

Bidang pendidikan


Aktiviti intelektual
Pembangunan bandar
Perkembangan matawang
Perkembangan Ekonomi
Bidang ketenteraan
Sambungan Tamadun Islam Zaman Khalifah Bani Abbasiyyah
zaman Umaiyah
Zaman Abbasiyyah
Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan bin Harb bin Umaiyyah
tahun 41H/661M di Damaskus, Damsyik
sempena nama ketua keluarga - Umaiyyah bin Abd Syams bin Abd Manaf
perlantikan memalui Majlis Syura
Pencapaian tokoh tiga zaman:
kuttab

masjid

Madrasah

Istana
Sumber kewangan
kharaj
jizyah
zakat
Usyur
fai
Ghanimah
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