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Depth and Complexity-Roman Mythology

7th grade GT research project
by Mirna Negovetic on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Depth and Complexity-Roman Mythology

Presented by Depth and Complexity icons Roman Mythology Questions to ask:
What vocabulary terms are specific to the content or discipline?
Examples to look at:
Tools Jargon Icons
Special phrases
Terms Slang
Abbreviations Questions to ask:
What are the defining features or characteristics?
Find examples and evidence to support opinions and ideas.
Examples to look at:
Language of the Discipline
Relate over Time
Multiple Perspectives
Across Disciplines
What theory or general statement applies to these ideas?
How do these ideas relate to broad concepts such as change, systems, chaos vs order, etc?
What is the main idea or ideas?
Examples to look at:
Draw conclusions based on evidence
Make generalizations
Main Idea Big Idea Details Language of the Discipline Presentation made by: Mirna L. Negovetic Relate
over Time Questions to ask:
How are elements related in terms of the past, present, and future?
How and why do things change?
What doesn’t change?
Examples to look at:
Connecting points in time
Examining a time period
Compare and Contrast Trends Questions to ask:
Note factors (Social Economic, Political, Geographic) that cause events to occur.
Identify patterns of change over time
Examples to look at:
Forces Direction
Course of Action
Compare, Contrast and Forecast Ethics Questions to ask:
What moral principles are involved in this subject?
Whatcontroversies exist?
What arguments could emerge from a study of this topic?
Examples to look at:
Values Morals
Pro and Con
Bias Discrimination
Differing Opinions
Point of View
Right and Wrong
Wisdom Rules Questions to ask:
What structure underlies this subject?
What guidelines or regulations affect it?
What hierarchy or ordering principle is at work?
Examples to look at:
“Because…” Multiple Perspectives Questions to ask:
How would others see the situation differently?
Examples to look at:
Different roles and knowledge
Opposing viewpoints Patterns Questions to ask:
What elements reoccur?
What is the sequence or order of events?
Make predictions based on past events.
Examples to look at:
Repetition Across Disciplines Questions to ask:
What elements reoccur?
What is the sequence or order of events?
Make predictions based on past events.
Examples to look at:
Repetition Into the details of... Unanswered Questions Questions to ask:
What information is unclear, missing, or unavailable?
What evidence do you need?
What has not yet been proven?
Examples to look at:
Missing Parts
Incomplete Ideas
Unresolved issues
Ambiguity Citations Articles
1. Gill, N. S. "Roman and Greek Gods And Goddesses." Ancient / Classical History., n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2013. <>.
2. "Roman Mythology." Roman Mythology., n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2013. <>.
3. "Roman Mythology - Crystalinks." Roman Mythology - Crystalinks. Crystalinks, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2013. <>.
4. "Mythology About Roman Mythology." Mythology: About Roman Mythology. CliffsNotes, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2013. <>.
5. "Religion." The Roman Empire in the First Century. Devillier Donegan Enterprises, 2006. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. <>.
Depth and complexity icon pictures
"Noble Avenue Elementary School." Depth and Complexity Icons « Noble Avenue Elementary. Noble Avenue Elementary School, n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. <>. Sandra Kaplan picture
"Sandra Kaplan." USC Rossier: School of Education. USC ITS Web Services, n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2013. <>. Language of the Discipline deities-gods
Di indigetes-original gods of the Roman state
Di novensides-later divinities whose cults were introduced during the historical period.
Jupiter- god of the skies
Neptune-god of the seas
Pluto-god of the underworld
Juno-goddess of motherhood and childbearing
Mars-god of war
Venus-goddess of love
Vesta-goddess of the hearth
Vulcan-god of the forge
Ceres-goddess of grain
Minerva-warrior goddess who also presided over commerce
Apollo-god of truth and light
Diana-(huntress) goddess of the hunt and moon
Mercury- god of messages and commerce
Bacchus-god of wine and drunkenness
Proserpina-goddess of spring
Cupid-god of erotic attraction
Numina-protective powers that inhabited nature and watched over human activities
Janus-god of beginnings, departures, and returns
Flora-goddess of flowers and fruits
religion-something that binds Big Idea Roman mythology was the combination of the beliefs, rituals, and observances of special occurrences by the ancient people of Rome until the birth of Christianity completely replaced the native religion of Rome.
Roman mythology was the heart of traditional stories relating to ancient Rome’s origins and religious system.
Romans were curious and eager to identify their own gods with Greek ones, and explain the meanings of the stories in a different way about Greek deities with names of the Roman counterparts.
Roman tradition is rich with myths and legends pertaining to the foundation and rise of the city. Details Even though He was executed young by Rome, Jesus had a big impact on the Romans because after His death His message of eternal life and hope was spread across the empire by missionaries.
The origins of the early myths were mostly unknown to early Roman writers on religion.
Parts of Roman myth may also appear in Roman wall painting, coins, and sculptures.
The Capitoline Triad was became central to official religion and therefore replacing the Archaic Triad.
The cult of Diana was established on the Aventine Hill, but the famous Roman manifestation of the Roman deity may be Diana Nemorensis.
Early Roman divinities had a host of specialist gods whose names were invoked in the carrying out of various specific activities. Relate over time First Century AD-Roman religion wasn’t the only religion practiced, there was also Judaism.
The first century saw the death of the Jewish religion and the birth of another, Christianity.
In contrast to the Greeks’ Roman mythology seemed boring. The Roman gods were designed to be useful like the practical Romans themselves.
Third century BC-Romans adopted the Greek gods into their religion, and the gods were made to behave accordingly to certain standards.
Renaissance to the 18th century-Roman myths were an inspiration for European painting.
Absorption of neighboring local deities took place as the Roman state captured the surrounding territory. Trends Religion was a force that Romans thought bound men to their gods, bound citizens to their royals, and bound families together.
The Romans had a sense for tolerating all gods, but their deepest religious feelings were centered around their family and the state.
Most Roman and Greek gods had mostly the same attributes to be considered the same, but had different names and some gods only had one name in both religions.
The early Romans’ religion was changed very much by the adding of unlimited and conflicting beliefs in later times, by the absorption of big amounts of Greek mythology, that can’t be recreated exactly like it was.
Study of Roman religion and myth is complicated with the early influence of Greek religion on the Italian peninsula during Rome’s early history, and by the later artistic imitation of Greek literary models by Roman authors.
Any distinction between “indigenous” and “immigrant” deities began to fade and Roman embraced diverse gods from multiple cultures during the war with Hannibal.
The indigetes were the original gods of the Roman state; the novensides were later divinities whose cults were introduced to the city during the historical period.
The founder of Roman religion was Numa Pompilius, according to tradition, who was to be believed to have had as his consort and advisor Egeria.
Fragments of old ritual accompanying daily acts reveal at every stage of the operation a god was responsible and named. Ethics Although other religions were different, the gods in Rome didn’t demand or require strong moral behavior and their religion often involved cult worship.
For the gods to approve you they decided based on your observance in religious rituals, not on your behavior.
The Roman gods were expected to protect their subjects, when failed to be useful their worship was restricted for some time, but doesn’t mean that Romans lacked religious opinions.
Classical writers were strongly influenced by models of people who were immensely interested in Greek civilization and in their writings added Greek beliefs or customs to fill gaps in Roman tradition. Rules People believed that spirits watched over everyone and everything.
Romans had a set of public gods that everyone knew about, but there were private ones that priests honored on behalf of Rome.
To gain the blessing of the gods and gain prosperity for themselves, their families, and friends was the objective of Roman worship. Multiple Perspectives Roman mythology may lack very divine characteristics as those found in Greek literature, but Romulus and Remus being sucked by the she-wolf Lupa is as famous as any myth of Greek mythology apart from the Trojan Horse.
Georg Wissowa thought that the Romans separated two classes of gods: the di indigetes and the di novensides.
Arnaldo Momigliano and some others have claimed that this distinction made by Wissowa can’t be even suggested. Patterns Usually, Romans treated their traditional narratives as historical, even when special events occurred.
Stories of ancient Rome are often concerned with politics, morality, and how an individual’s personality relates to their responsibility to the community and the state.
The founding of Rome could be investigated by archaeology, but traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans and their descendants explain the history of their city by legends and myths.
Commonly, Romans granted local deities the same honors as the earlier deities of another Roman state religion. Across Disciplines The versions of Greek myths in Ovid’s Metamorphoses came to be regarded as recognized and accepted.
A Jewish philosopher Philo wrote of harsh treatment in Alexandria, during which a rebellion in Judaea led to the destruction of the temple and a change in the practice of Jewish faith.
Each god represented a need in daily life, like Vesta provided fire for the hearth, and the gods were considered proper.
Literature was one of the earliest writings of Latin prose, even though Roman religion wasn’t based on scriptures. Unanswered Questions Will new technological studies in the future unearth more stories of the past Roman life?
Will Roman mythology fade away if future audiences disapprove?
Could there be more ancient writing deep inside the Earth that reveal more about ancient Rome and mythology?
Could there have been a whole other religion that nobody has ever heard of? Sandra Kaplan Thank you for watching my presentation! Does anyone have any questions? Question Marks
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