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How to Change Education

The "EdPrezi" primer on options for education change
by Jeff Camp on 29 February 2012

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Transcript of How to Change Education

Full Circle Fund
education
environment
economic
opportunity
Together Do More!
Help!
I'm Lost in the Weeds!
How do I even think about education change? The topic is too big!!!
We thought, "Hey, let's make it easier for
Full Circle members to
learn about education change ideas!
Hey, let's make it easier for

Full Circle members to

learn about education change ideas!
anyone
...and where to look for more!
...and how to get involved!
...and invite readers
to comment/contribute!
Ed100.org
Some other
people liked it,
too!

So...
education
It's easy to be bold, in theory
more on
http://bit.ly/Big100
.org
Do lean budgets make schools more innovative?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/LEANer
.org
Ed100
education
Many people have opinions about that.
Education is important.
That's why you're here.

How does education work?
How can parents help?
How can it work better?

We call it the
"EdPrezi"
Ed100 is not prescriptive. It helps you understand many points of view.

Most of the examples and charts focus on California, but many issues aren't state-specific.

If you DO live in California, add your school or district to your profile. Your work on Ed100 can help your school!
Share this Prezi!
http://bit.ly/edprezi

This Prezi summarizes the core facts and the competing ideas.
Here's how it works.
...in a structured, orderly way
...AND with depth
Each circle in the EdPrezi is connected to a lesson in Ed100.org,
a free site for parent leaders
8.1
Spending: Does California Skimp on Education?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/clfskmps
.org
Most Californians have no idea that funding for their schools is so meager.
To learn more about a topic, follow its link to Ed100!
Click to
Zoom in
on details!
Remember to sign in! Ed100 remembers your progress for you as you work through the lessons. Check off each lesson when you are done with it.
Each lesson on Ed100.org is short. Jargon terms are defined, and lessons include useful links to learn more.
About Ed100.org
To view this Prezi, press the right arrow key to "follow the path"
Not everything is on the path. Go rogue! Click around.
To rejoin the "path," use the arrow keys.
Tip: Are you viewing this Prezi full screen?
Click the fullscreen button, on the right side.
"Ahhh, that's better!"
health
California has skimped on schools for years. These charts bring it home.
Chart adapted from EdSource “States in Motion”
interactive graphs http://edsource.org/states-in-motion
As of 2014, each district needs to show evidence of parent engagement as part of its "Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP)." Your Ed100 progress certificate can be used to support the LCAP. Want to know more? Lesson 7.10 has you covered.
How?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Now10
.org
A selection of the best education sites out there
What will YOU do to make education better for students? Here are some ideas, big and small.
What are the Big Ideas for education change... and what can parents do to help?
10.0
So Now What?

How are difficult changes accomplished?
.org
more on
Ed100
http://bit.ly/GoBIG
What if money were no object in education?
10.1
Blow It Up? Big Ideas For Education Change
Here's a template you can use to help YOUR school community come together, from Ed100 and the California State PTA
10.2
Go Big:
What Money Might Do
Fancy private schools collect over $30,000 per student in annual tuition alone, the equivalent of about $25 per student per classroom hour. What do they do with the money?
$25 per hour
10.3
Go Lean:
Education for Less
California schools already have been among the leanest in America. If starvation is a road to something good, we would probably have discovered it by now.
10.4
Change: What Causes Change in Education?
It was not at all obvious that LCFF could be passed into law. How did that happen, and what can be learned from it?
Schools, like trains / run on rails. / Slow for curves / or schools will fail.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/toCHG
.org
10.5
Learn More: Organizations and Resources
So now it's done / you've reached the end / Wasn't that fun? / Well, tell your friends!
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdMore
.org
3.1
Teacher Talent
Great Schools
Require
Great Teachers
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/talentt
.org
...but top college graduates tend not to go into teaching.
Teach for America recruits top talent from top schools, offering a shortened path to a credential
3.1
Teacher Talent
Great Schools
Require
Great Teachers
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/talentt
.org
...but top college graduates tend not to go into teaching.
Teach for America recruits top talent from top schools, offering a shortened path to a credential
3.1
Teacher Talent
Great Schools
Require
Great Teachers
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/talentt
.org
...but top college graduates tend not to go into teaching.
Teach for America recruits top talent from top schools, offering a shortened path to a credential
Ed100
.org
Ed100
more on
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/talentt
.org
Ed100
more on
.org

Education is Students and Teachers spending Time in Places for Learning with the Right Stuff and a System with Resources for Success
...So Now What?

9.0
Success

1.0

Education Is...

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/behind-2
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/intnl
.org
1.3

Economic Context:
Schools for Knowledge Workers
Do you know what is America's most valuable resource?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/knowldg
.org
1.4
Social Context: The High Social Costs of Educational Failure
How much would you pay to keep a kid from breaking bad?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/failr
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/wshful
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/imprvng
.org
1.7
History: Have Schools Always Worked This Way?
Change in schools seems slow, until you look at it this way...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/edhistry
.org
4.1
Early Childhood: Yes, Preschool Matters
America would be more equal, with this one change.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/erlychldhd
.org
2.2
Poverty and Race: How Do Students' Backgrounds Affect Their School Performance?
Are poor students... poor students?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/pvrrti
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/prntt
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/heall
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/inpuut
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/motivn
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/splneds
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/talentt
.org
http://bit.ly/retaiin
Ed100
http://bit.ly/cllabrt
.org
more on
http://bit.ly/dvlpp
.org
Ed100
more on
http://ed100.org/pensions
.org
Quit before 5 years? You get zero from the teacher pension system. No Social Security, either.
4.2
Class Size: How Big Should Classes Be?
Sure, California class sizes are big. But are they out of line?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/tmprstdnt
.org
4.3
School Hours: Is There Enough Time To Learn?
What do school assemblies, tests and birthdays have in common?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/sclhrs
.org
4.4
Time Management:
Spending School Time Well
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/qltytm
.org
Ed100
http://bit.ly/ssmmrr
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/aftrschl
.org
4.8
Absences: Don’t Miss Class!
When kids miss school, it's usually because...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/truanc
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/chooice
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/chrtscls
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/lidshp
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/unfrmss
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/smlscl
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/hmscl
.org
6.1
Great Expectations: How Do Educational Standards Work?
Forget the hype. Here's how the Common Core standards actually work.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/stndrds
.org
6.2
Rigor:
Is School Challenging Enough?
Your kids can go to college if they meet seven requirements...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/rigorr
.org
6.3
Literacy: Ensuring All Kids Learn to Read, Write and Speak English
School is harder for 40% of California students because...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/englls
.org
6.4
STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering and Math
Here's jargon you should know: STEM
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/sttmm
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/assmnt
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/eddtc
.org
6.7
Let’s Get Engaged: Making School Interesting
Stop blushing! Here are four ways to make classes more interesting.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/relevnc
.org
6.8
The Arts: Creating in School
The arts are neglected in schools. Here's proof.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/aaart
.org
6.9
P.E. and Athletics:
Is It Really Necessary?
Your school cut PE, too? Be concerned.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/athltcs
.org
6.10
Let’s Go! What Makes a Field Trip Great?
Take me out on a field trip...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/fldtrps
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Cteee
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/intrnshp
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/svcslrng
.org
6.14
Character: Can Values and Habits be Taught?
Maybe the stuff that really matters most CAN be taught.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/vlshbts
.org
6.15
Geography, History and Civics: When, Where and Why
How do kids learn about their country and the world?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/gergrph
.org
6.16
Language Learning: How Not to Raise Ugly Americans
For American kids, the hardest language in the world is...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/langgs
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/ghAjpR
.org
7.1
The State:
The Buck Stops Here
Under California's constitution, schools are the responsibility of...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/statte
.org
7.2
The Feds: Power to
Provoke Change in Education
What power does the Federal government actually have over schools?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Fed72
.org
7.3
School Districts: In Charge of Most Local Schools
Your school district has the power to...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Dst73
.org
7.4
Thinking Regionally about Education: County Offices, and Crossing Boundaries
What's the County's job in education?
Ed100
more on
.org
7.5
Teachers’ Unions:
Don’t Underestimate Them
What do teacher unions do, anyway?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/tchunn
.org
7.6
Initiatives and Education: Power to the People?
The ultimate wildcard in California education policy is...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Ediniv
.org
7.7
Education Power Players: Politics and Philanthropy
The power players in education are...
Ed100
more on
http://ed100.org/advocates
.org
7.8
Accountability: Principles and Policies for Education
Who holds whom accountable in education?
Ed100
more on
http://ed100.org/accountability
.org
8.1
Spending: Does California Skimp on Education?
California has skimped on schools for years. These charts bring it home.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/clfskmps
.org
8.2
Education Dollars: What They Buy
If you compare school budgets, don't forget to compare this...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdDlrs
.org
8.3
Who Pays: Where California’s Public School Funds Come From
Actually, most of the education budget comes from...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Payrs
.org
8.4
Prop 13 and Prop 98: Then and Now
Prop 13 had another, less intended effect...
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/pRop13
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/LCfff
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Exxpt
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdMeas
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdPRG
.org
How can this test be too easy and too hard?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdTest
.org
Some tests matter more than others - one in particular.
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/ColCar
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/Edgaps
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/EdPerf
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/HStoCol
.org
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/ColDebt
.org
Stayed on for five? Welcome to the ranks of pension earners! Here's credit for your first four years. You'll get it when you retire.
Each year, your STRS pension commitment goes up. Stay with it!
Welcome to the long-timers' league!
Remember when you were a young teacher?
Time to go now!
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/dvrsti
.org
Teachers should spend their time teaching, right? Well...
Few schools teach kids money skills. Surprised?
6.17
Personal Finance: Learning to Earn
Can schools teach self-awareness?
6.13
Social-Emotional Learning: Intangibles that Support Academics
Why not help someone while learning?
6.12
Service Learning: How Can I Help?
Buzzword alert! What is Linked Learning?
6.11

Career Technical Education: New Thinking
Schools need to be equipped with internet access in a way that reaches every corner of every classroom
This time, technology really WILL change education. Right?
6.6
Technology in Education: New Tools for Teaching and Learning
Kids take too many tests, but it's changing, because...
6.5
Test Question #1
– What’s at Stake?
6.0
The Right Stuff

What gets tested gets taught. With the change to Common Core standards, the tests will be changing.
Social/emotional learning strategies equip students to keep their cool, and help others do to same.
Both the U.S. and California constitutions place ultimate responsibility for public K-12 education at the state level.
People are sometimes surprised to learn that the federal government only provides about 10% of school funding.
http://bit.ly/Edu74
Report cards aren't enough, because...
A report card cannot tell you how well your child is doing compared to the state’s expectations, to students elsewhere, or even in relation to his own aspirations.
Pass me your report card / show me how you did / even if the class is hard / the grades DO matter, kid!
Is your school ready to make the jump to computer-based adaptive tests? Who in your district is leading the work to prepare for it?
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/khan-academy/

education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/lps/
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/pivot-learning-partners/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/innovative-full-circle-fund-pilot-project-attracts-320000-to-alternative-teacher-compensation/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/ed100/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/niroga-institute/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/jumpstart/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/projects/revolution-foods
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/beyond12/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/new-teacher-center/
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/children-now/
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
Caliber Schools
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
7.9
Consequences: Intervening When Schools Fail
If a school is failing, call in the cavalry!
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/intrvnt
.org
education
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/wy5/
education
Full Circle Fund
Investment
10
Are California schools OK? Are we seeing them as they are, as we wish they were, or as we fear them to be? What we should want from schools?
http://www.fullcirclefund.org/project/caliber-schools/
1.1
California Context: Are California's Schools Really Behind?
California kids are just like other states' kids, right?
1.2
International Context: Are U.S. Schools Behind the World?
How do you make America's future better? You already know.
Can the power of denial be measured?
1.5
Wishfulness: Sure, But My Kid Will Be Fine... Right?
Are schools getting better? The answer may surprise you.
1.6
Progress:
Are Schools Improving?
The College Board updates its ambitious Education Pays report every three years. According to the 2013 report, “during a 40 year full-time working life, the median earnings for bachelor’s degree recipients without an advanced degree are 65% higher than the median earnings of high school graduates.”
“The system is broken, but I guess my school is fine.”
There is evidence that educational achievement is steadily, if slowly, improving
In the early years of the cold war, the Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik sparked concern that America was falling behind, and failing to produce the scientists and inventors needed for a nuclear age.
A broad theme in the evolution of public education has been to make access to it more universal.
1.8
Purpose:
What is Education For, Really?
So... what should we want from schools?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/purps
.org
Education, even with all its flaws, is our biggest collective investment in societal ideals of social justice and social mobility. It is an expression of
our belief in the potential of
each person as a contributor
to this world we share. And
if that doesn’t move you, most
folks agree that they would
rather pay for schools than for
jails or soup kitchens.
2.0
...Students...

Who are our students, and what do they actually need?
Who are California's students,
and what do they need?
What holds them back? What motivates them?
Ed100
more on
http://bit.ly/sttdn
.org
Want to see the future of California? Look here.
2.1
Diversity: The Changing Face of America's Students
This simple issue can make all the difference.
2.3
Health, Nutrition and Learning: Are Schools Responsible for Students' Health?
Kids don't pick their parents.
2.4
Parents: A Child's First Teacher
What you get out of education depends a lot on...
2.5
Levers for Change: Inputs and Outcomes
Students will learn if you pay them - but there's a catch.
2.6
Motivation:
What Motivates Students?
It costs more to educate kids with special needs. How much more?
2.7
Special Needs:
Why Not Teach All Kids Alike?
.org
http://bit.ly/fstr100
Ed100
more on
2.8
Foster Youth:
Educating Foster Kids
California has the largest and most diverse student population
in America
Poverty correlates strongly with academic results
2,815
(the number of children per school nurse in California in 2012)
Health issues go far beyond a school nurse, healthy meals and physical activity. They include indoor air quality, lead abatement, asthma management and sun safety measures at school. Some have campaigned to get children to sleep more, based on evidence that children learn poorly when they are fatigued.
Many children in poverty depend on school for at least five meals a week.
PTA
Parent and family engagement in schools can strengthen them and improve the quality of education.
There are only about 55,000 foster youth in California.
"Intrinsic"
vs.
"Extrinsic"
Great teachers are masters at making learning interesting and relevant, especially when supported by compelling curricular materials.
The average annual costs of educating a student with disabilities are more than double those of a mainstream student.
This group isn't so big. Why don't we help them more?
There are only about 55,000 foster youth in California.
.org
http://bit.ly/UNdoc
Ed100
more on
2.9|
Undocumented:
Undocumented Students
A million students in America lack something really basic. It's...
Citizenship status is not a condition for enrollment in California K-12 schools.
.org
http://bit.ly/voic
Ed100
more on
2.10|
Student Voices: What is the Role of the Student in Education Change?
Students lack influence in schools for this practical reason.
Policy is written in Sacramento... during school hours. Also add this quote: Students have a lot to say about their schools. When confident teachers and school leaders take time to ask students for their feedback or advice, they generally find it enlightening.
Ed100
more on
Here's what happens if you pay teacher to work in challenging schools.
3.0
...and Teachers...

Great teachers are the soul of a school.
Here's what 4 out of 5 teachers have in common, still.
3.1
Recruitment:
Who Teaches, and Why?
Ed100
more on
.org
3.2
Preparation and Certification:
How To Make a Teacher
Here's what a teacher's credentials can tell you.
http://bit.ly/preep
They say half of all teachers quit within five years. Surprisingly...
3.3
Retention: How to Keep a Teacher
3.4
Placement: Who Teaches Where?
3.5
Development:
How Do Teachers Improve?
Teachers never seem to have enough time to work together. There's a reason.
3.6
Collaboration:
How Do Teachers Work Together?
http://bit.ly/BenTea
Teachers get good health benefits. Can we afford them?
3.7
Benefits:
The Benefits of Teaching
Great teachers should get bonuses, right? Unless...
http://bit.ly/TcPay
.org
Ed100
more on
3.8
Pay: How Has Teacher Pay Changed?
Want to know which teachers are great? Here's who to ask.
http://bit.ly/Evalu
.org
Ed100
more on
3.9
Evaluation: How Do Teachers Know If They Are Succeeding?
Why is it so hard to dismiss teachers for cause?
http://bit.ly/hc3vsw
3.10
Tenure and Seniority: Teacher Tenure – Good? Evil?
Teacher pensions are complicated, and they are often a more important part of total pay than even teachers understand. Click the link to read about it in the lesson on Ed100!
Teaching pays better than you think, because...
3.11
Pensions: How Good is a Teacher’s Pension?
Teachers make learning happen. How are they hired, paid, supported and evaluated?
.org
http://bit.ly/Tchz
Ed100
more on
Answer: probably not
In the decade after 2000, the Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning (CFTL) documented that enrollment in teacher preparation programs had fallen significantly.
Turnover in the teaching profession is a lot like most other jobs. But turnover tends to be much higher than average in high-poverty and high-minority schools where working conditions for teachers tend to be worst.
It's a myth!
Some school districts use pay incentives to attract teachers to apply for open positions. It works, but not magically
Pay matters!
Doug Lemov, author of Teach Like a Champion, used inexpensive video equipment to collect useful clips of experienced teachers to help describe techniques for keeping students’ attention and motivation.
Teachers need training. But does it work?
The world’s top-performing school systems, such as Shanghai and Finland, set aside significant and frequent time for teacher collaboration and preparation.
No one goes into teaching to get rich.
Everyone has a shared interest in the solvency of school districts
The people in a school who are best-positioned to know a teacher’s strengths and weaknesses are the ones carrying backpacks: the students.
Education Trust West explained the impact of seniority-based employment rules coherently in its report Victims of the Churn. The report criticizes “bumping” rights with particular vigor
When school lets out, does learning stop?
4.7
After School: What Should Happen After School?
For kids, there's a downside to summer. The evidence says...
4.6
Summer: Time to Learn, or Time to Forget?
More and more computer programs have become available to help teachers provide extra supports and interventions, which may expand their ability to engage students effectively in learning.
It's unreasonable to expect all kids to learn at the same pace.
http://bit.ly/ttrng
.org
Ed100
more on
4.5
Extra Time and Tutoring: When Kids Need More Time and Attention
4.0
...Spending Time...

Learning takes time, well spent
Is there enough time in school, and is it spent well? Do class sizes matter? Is summer wasted?
When it comes to education, it may sound simplistic, but an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
California’s student-teacher ratio has been among the highest in America for decades.
One study found a clever way to quantify the educational impact of reduced days: study the effect of “snow days” (which vary in number by school and by year) on test results. The study validated what common sense would suggest: Time on task is a basic driver of learning.
In other countries teachers spend their time much differently. Students spend a comparable amount of time in school each day, but as individuals the teachers each spend less time in direct contact with students. In Finland, teaching time is about three hours on average and it’s closer to four hours in England.
It's a myth! Many suppose that the long summer break in the school calendar is somehow connected to America’s agricultural past. This is a myth. The complicated history of summer vacation probably has more to do with the sweltering discomfort of a stuffy classroom than to the needs of the fields.
"Students who fall behind in the summer don’t catch up"
For most kids, the answer is
"yes, learning stops"
Absence from school correlates with all kinds of bad outcomes, including failure to finish high school. According to the Attorney General’s office report, 82% of those in prison in America are high school dropouts.
Is "homeschooling" a scam?
5.12
Home Schools: How Do They Work?
Grants inspired a boom in "small" schools. Here's what happened.
5.11
Small Schools: Oops, We Shrunk the Schools!
Many schools require uniforms. Here's why.
5.10
Uniforms: Why Some Schools Use Them
.org
http://bit.ly/fclits
Ed100
more on
Very few schools have this, but they should.
5.9
Facilities: What
Does a School Look Like?
The most influential person in a school is...
5.8
Principals: The Pivotal Role of Educational Leadership
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Turns out there are some things schools can do other than teach kids.
5.7
Community Schools: Could Schools Do More Than Educate?
Private schools are changing, because...
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Here's what you need to know about charter schools.
5.5
Charter Schools
Many parents don't even know these schools exist.
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5.4
At Risk: When Regular School Doesn’t Cut It
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Do parents really want diversity in their schools?
5.3
Selectivity and Diversity:
How Schools Sort Students
What if you could choose any school you wanted for your kids?
5.2
School Choice: Should You Have a Choice of Schools?
For students, a zip code can be "five digits of separation."
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5.1
Where Do You Live?
Zip Codes and School Quality
5.0
...In Places for Learning...

A place for learning is more than just a building.
What makes a school a place for learning?
How are kids assigned to schools?
Are charter schools different?
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Parents will go to great lengths to get their kids into the school they believe will best serve them. Those with the means to do so will move. Those who cannot afford to move sometimes lie about their address, even at the risk of being sent to jail for it.
Where do you live? / Your zip code, please / five digits give / your destiny
When it comes to where kids go to school, zip code is usually destiny, especially for poor families without the economic means to move. Middle class families, by contrast, often have more options if they are dissatisfied.
On paper, California’s student body is incredibly diverse. On closer inspection, it is well sorted. Throughout childhood, students grow accustomed to being sorted, or to sorting themselves: by age, by gender, by height, by neighborhood. Not so long ago, students were explicitly sorted by race; today the sorting persists by zip code or community, often with similar effect.
There are more than 500 continuation schools in California.
According to the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, which tracks charter school laws in each state, in 2014 California was the 9th most charter-friendly state in America.
Charter school results are mixed, and advocates on all sides find facts to support their point of view.
5.6
Private Schools
Approximately 7% of California’s students in grades K-12 attend private schools.
The “community schools” movement advocates for a broader definition of the role of a school, particularly in areas of high poverty.
Districts in California have about half as many administrators as is typical in other states.
1) Some school districts are moving faster than others to make digital readiness part of their facilities plan.

2) Facilities are costly. Average districts carry debt of about


per student.
$7,200
There is no automatic correlation between uniforms and learning. Implementing uniforms can create a sudden and visible change in a school environment
In schools of / a smallish size / students can't / avoid your eyes
"reducing school size is no silver bullet, but this study indicates that it might help support a set of educational practices that make a difference.
Religious concerns play heavily in some families’ desire to separate from public schools.
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5.13
Discipline and Safety: Who Rules the School?
School discipline is important, but there's a catch...
There is... little evidence that zero tolerance improves outcomes for students
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Are kids learning the "right stuff" at school?
Are students learning the right "stuff" at school to face their technology-laced future with creativity and grace? How do Common Core standards
work, and what's the role of testing?
Prior to 2010, each state set its own standards. Some, like California, had comparatively high expectations. Other states had low standards.
Facts galore / were such a bore.
/ Teach us more, / Common Core!
Educational standards describe what students should know and be able to do.
The best way to understand the new standards is to sit down and read them.
The "a through g" requirements define college readiness.
In California, being “college ready” has a specific meaning.
Despite its high-tech reputation, California students do no better than most in the "STEM" subjects: Science, Technology, Engineering and Math.
Tech is changing / every endeavor. / Even schools / see tech as a lever.
If “curriculum” is the insider buzzword for “what” is taught, “pedagogy” is the buzzword for “how.”
Take me out on a field trip / Take me out of the school / Show me some things that I haven't seen / Learning outside is so cool.
Basically, it's the new term for an internship. As the Local Control Funding Formula puts districts in charge of more of their budgets, they have the opportunity to set aside funds for such programs.
College is not for me / I want to work and earn. / Teach me what I need / so I can work and learn.
Service learning / is a way /
of helping others / for a grade.
Grit, zest / self-control / character lessons / for us all
Today’s teachers have a globe that’s irresistible to video-game-charged young students: Google Earth.
Pakistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq / Can you name the places on this blue-green spinning rock?
1) it takes an average English speaker 2,200 hours to become proficient in Mandarin or Arabic, but only 600 hours to learn Spanish, French or Italian. And the hardest language in the world for native English speakers? Japanese.
2) Hey, why not just expect the rest of the world to learn English? (Yes, that was rhetorical.)
A little financial prep / makes sense and works wonders / to help kids get ahead / and head off money blunders
7.0
... in a System…

The Education System is layered, complex, and hard to change.
The Education System: schools, districts, counties, voters, unions... Hey, who is in charge?
States, like mules / are stubborn blokes /
so changing schools / requires some pokes
10%
1,000 pieces!
School districts run the show. There are about 1000 of them in California - a big, overlapping jigsaw puzzle.
Most education reformers view the “good union/bad union” conversation as a waste of breath.
States with strong unions, such as California, pay teachers more than those with weaker unions.
Your name on that petition / for the sake of future scholars / scored the earnest clipboard dude / a couple hard-earned dollars
Private donors have significant influence because their support is uncertain.
Can we make the grade? / How can we get it done?
/ I'm a bit afraid / that phaser's not been set to stun.
Turning struggling schools around turns out to be really, really hard.
7.10
Local Power: The LCAP, a New Paradigm in Education
Is "local accountability" the same as "no accountability?" Not if...
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"Local Accountability" is a new concept in California governance. This lesson tells you what you need to know.
This lesson explains how special education funding fits in, and other topics
Yep, there are always exceptions.
8.6
Allocations: Categoricals and Other Exceptions to the Rules
Here's how LCFF works. The short version.
8.5
Local Control Funding Formula: LCFF Dictates How State Funds Flow to School Districts
http://bit.ly/100res
8.0
...with Resources...

Schools cost money.
So of course there is controversy.
Schools cost money. Who pays?What makes California so painfully different?
A dollar’s a dollar, some folks tell ya / As if it were really true / But teachers cost more in California / Than teachers in Texas do.
Sacramento became the center of the universe when it came to school funding in California.
Proposition 13 / centralized the budgets / and left the schools searching / for stray budget nuggets
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Site budgets usually cover only non-staff costs because staffing decisions are made by the district.
If a budget falls in a school and no one notices, does it make a sound?
8.7
Allocations: Districts Control How Money Gets to the Classroom
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No, they don't. (whew!)
Do schools waste money?
8.8
Effectiveness: Is Education Money Well Spent?
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"this lesson explores the options:"
School donations are great, but...
8.9
More Money for Education: What Are the Options?
Financial mismanagement... usually makes the news perhaps because it is relatively rare.
"...but it is often unclear how to turn additional money into student learning results."
We all want our children to blossom / in schools that are totally awesome / if we had the dough / we'd make it so / but money's a bit of a problem.
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So you want to pass a parcel tax. Here's how.
8.10
Parcel Taxes:
Only in California…
Let's find a hack 'round Prop 13 / a parcel tax can staunch the bleed / and give some schools the dough they need / if two out of three agree.
"2/3"
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Schools need something money can't buy. It's...
8.11
Volunteers: Stealth Wealth for Schools
Your budget doesn't count the hours / that parents help for free / Stealth wealth from parent power / to get from A to Z.
Success for each student is the point of education.
Success in education leads to a life of options. How can we tell whether each student is on track?
Eighty percent / earn diplomas on time / but one out of five / is left behind
Which classes matter most in high school? a,b,c,d,e,f,g
9.1
Measures of Success: For Kids and For Schools
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When it comes to education data, this state is flying blind.
Are poor kids catching up in school, or falling further behind? The numbers say...
The Ed-Data Partnership
How can you tell if a school is good? First, look here...
Of every 100 ninth graders, the number that graduate college is...
Which is bigger, America's credit card debt or college debt?
9.2
Student Success:
How Well is My Kid Doing?
9.3
Tests: Standardized Measures of Student Learning
Which test / can best / assess / success?
9.4
Student Readiness: College and Career
9.5
Education Data: Keeping Track of the System
In 2013 California was the only state in the nation that declined to participate in the Campaign for Data Quality, which gave the state a low rating in 2012.
Only California
9.6
Achievement Gaps: The System’s Biggest Challenge
Some childhood gaps are welcome news, like that gap-tooth smile. Achievement gaps?
Not so much.
Test scores are going up / and that is great good news / but not enough to disrupt / the gaps between the groups
9.7
Making the Grade: Measuring School Performance
A great first stop is the Ed-Data Partnership website. Look up your school or district, and click on the Profile reports.
How do you measure a district? / How do you measure a school? / Look at the work of each of the kids, / those that bomb and those that do well.
9.8
After High School: What California’s System Provides
9.9
Paying for College: High Hopes and College Loans
Despite steady increases, California’s college tuition and fees remain lower than those in most other states.
More than for cars/ or credit cards / it's loans for college / that stick like tar.
What should we want from our schools?
California’s children in poverty generally score behind those in other states. So do the children not in poverty.
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Musical inspiration!
See the full transcript