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Informatics for science 1 Prezi

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by Preeti Vohra on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Informatics for science 1 Prezi

data validation is the process of ensuring that a program operates on correct and useful data called"validation rules" Data Validation http://ori.hhs.gov/images/ddblock/data.pdf Data Management Concepts This process of converting facts to information is Processing.
Data once analyzed and interpreted, can be developed into evidence to address a question.
Data mining is the computational process of discovering patterns in large data sets.[ Data Analysis Use an encrypted password system and assign new passwords quarterly.
Destroy the written data after transferral to an electronic database. Data Protection Rapid access to the data
• Fast read/write rates
• Low cost
• Ability to archive the data
• Removability
• A backup system, such as storing data on CDs Electronic data Properly storing data is a way to safeguard your research investment.
Data may need to be accessed in the future to explain or augment
subsequent research.
Other researchers might wish to evaluate or use the results of your
research.
Stored data can establish precedence in the event that similar research
is published.
Storing data can protect research subjects and researchers in the event
of legal allegations. Data Storage Tissue samples
• Specially designed primers
• Patient questionnaires
• Interviews
• Customized online content Data Sources Data as "factual information (as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation."
For Example:
Patient survey responses
• White blood cell counts
• Core temperature readings
• Metabolism rates Define Data There are a number of essential requirements that a database must have to be successful with users.
i. The data it contains must be wanted by a group of users.
The data must also be up to date and complete. The datasystem must therefore be easy to update and data providers should be given suitable incentives to update the information.
ii. The data must be presented in an attractive format to the user.
iii. The technological expertise needed to use the system must be compatible with the users.
iv. A mechanism of dialog is needed to deal with user inquiries and for identifying unmet user needs Database http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jgIoBI2l_6g Informatics Interview Medical informatics is the rapidly developing scientific field that deals with resources, devices
and formalized methods for optimizing the storage, retrieval and management of biomedical
information for problem solving and decision making For example, MEDLINE®, a database that contains references to articles in the biomedical literature and is maintained by the National Library of Medicine, added more than 460,000 references over the past year.
http://www.ahrq.gov/data/informatics/informatria.htm Medical informatics Computer systems improve quality of care.
Computer systems improve medication management and reduce costs.
Computers enhance patient self-management of chronic disease.
Computers can help protect against bioterrorism and detect disease agents.
Research to improve patient safety continues AIMS OF INFORMATICS In 1949, Gustav Wagner established the first professional organization for informatics in Germany.[4 Extend our understanding of the human genome
Develop computing applications that manage data from biotechnical and pharmaceutical collaborations
Manage and understand data collected to solve scientific challenges in the natural and social sciences. This is what we do in science Provide accurate digital health records available instantly when needed
Identify the best treatment for patients based on evidence drawn from national health networks
Allow patients to participate in their own care through the creation of digital Personal Health Records This is what we do for the world in health: What physicians do involves the collection, review, and management of information. Examples of such activities include obtaining and recording patient information, consulting colleagues, reading the scientific literature, planning diagnostic procedures, devising strategies for patient care, interpreting tests, and conducting research. Why Informatics needed… Informatics develops new uses for information technology to solve specific problems in areas as diverse as biology, fine arts, and economics. Informatics is also interested in how people transform technology, and how technology transforms us.
Informatics incorporates at least three domains:
1. Technology and its application.
2. Information organization and structure.
3. Human behaviour and communication related to the other two domains.
http://informatics.iupui.edu/overview/what_is_informatics.php Why informatics needed understanding the impact technology has on people.
the development of new uses for technology.
the application of information technology in the context of another field.
Informatics is a new field of study that gives students the skills to apply information technology to another field - from health care to journalism to biology to economics. Informatics is... Research and present uses of Informatics in you chosen field of study. (Prepare 2 questions each ) Task -In groups of 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFxewUq1cE4 Health Informatics Informatics is the science concerned with Collecting, manipulating, storing, retrieving information. Informatics D1 discuss the need to be able to extract specific, relevant data

D2 evaluate own database and recommend improvements. Assessment Criteria M1 explain a particular application of informatics in science
M2 run queries to obtain specified information from a database
M3 explain patterns and regularities in data sets. Assessment Criteria P4 describe the process of data collection

P5 collect data from scientific data sites

P6 build a scientific database to store scientific data

P7 perform an analysis of the data, finding patterns and regularities in data sets. Assessment Criteria P1 identify sources of informatics

P2 describe the methods used in informatics

P3 describe how informatics is used in science Assessment Criteria http://whsc.emory.edu/home/publications/health-sciences/update/2012/dec_2012/update_dec_2012.html On completion of this unit a learner should:
1 Know how informatics is used in science
2 Be able to collect scientific data
3 Be able to store and analyse scientific data. Learning outcomes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzS--PaGC9o Why learn this chapter – Informatics? Informatics for Science Unit 9
BTEC National Applied Science Level 3 http://www.slideshare.net/bcpsqc/e4-c-panditha-bb-app-bc-quality-forum-chandi-vch Blackberry Hand Hygiene such as sensors, audio and video recorders, and available (often free) software to collect and analyse a wide variety of data. New approach to data collection Data Validation Elements of data processing http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=154
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-sGvh6tI04&feature=endscreen&NR=1 Data Mining? Kew – Royal Botanical Gardens
http://epic.kew.org/searchepic/searchpage.do
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_academic_databases_and_search_engines Example to search Database Construct computer health information systems by studying the needs of doctors, nurses, patients, and health care organizations
Create health networks that allow doctors and nurses to share knowledge and best practices
Create new methods of information delivery that motivate patients to follow treatment recommendations Health Informatics For example, MEDLINE®, a database that contains references to articles in the biomedical literature and is maintained by the National Library of Medicine, added more than 460,000 references over the past year.
http://www.ahrq.gov/data/informatics/informatria.htm Medical informatics Extend our understanding of the human genome

Develop computing applications that manage data from biotechnical and pharmaceutical collaborations

Manage and understand data collected to solve scientific challenges in the natural and social sciences. This is what we do in science Provide accurate digital health records available instantly when needed

Identify the best treatment for patients based on evidence drawn from national health networks

Allow patients to participate in their own care through the creation of digital Personal Health Records This is what we do for the world in health: Construct computer health information systems by studying the needs of doctors, nurses, patients, and health care organizations
Create health networks that allow doctors and nurses to share knowledge and best practices
Create new methods of information delivery that motivate patients to follow treatment recommendations Health Informatics What physicians do involves the collection, review, and management of information. Examples of such activities include obtaining and recording patient information, consulting colleagues, reading the scientific literature, planning diagnostic procedures, devising strategies for patient care, interpreting tests, and conducting research. Why Informatics needed… understanding the impact technology has on people.
the development of new uses for technology.
the application of information technology in the context of another field.
Informatics is a new field of study that gives students the skills to apply information technology to another field - from health care to journalism to biology to economics. Informatics is... Research and present uses of Informatics in Science /you chosen field of study. (Prepare 2 questions each ) Task -1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFxewUq1cE4 Health Informatics Informatics is the science concerned with collecting, storing, retrieving information. Informatics D1 discuss the need to be able to extract specific, relevant data

D2 evaluate own database and recommend improvements. Assessment Criteria M1 explain a particular application of informatics in science
M2 run queries to obtain specified information from a database
M3 explain patterns and regularities in data sets. Assessment Criteria P4 describe the process of data collection

P5 collect data from scientific data sites

P6 build a scientific database to store scientific data

P7 perform an analysis of the data, finding patterns and regularities in data sets. Assessment Criteria On completion of this unit a learner should:
1 Know how informatics is used in science
2 Be able to collect scientific data
3 Be able to store and analyse scientific data. Learning outcomes Informatics for Science Unit 9
BTEC National Applied Science Level 3 P1 identify sources of informatics

P2 describe the methods used in informatics

P3 describe how informatics is used in science Assessment Criteria Why learn this unit-Informatics?
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