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What causes the rise and fall of civilization?

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by Jeffrey Wang on 16 June 2013

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Transcript of What causes the rise and fall of civilization?

What causes the rise and fall of civilizations?
Rise
Adaptions and Cultural Influences
Mayans Adapted
ideas, writing system, calendar
from the Olmecs.
Muslims started to adapt ideas from the
Chinese, Babylonian, etc, and they
improved them.
They also invented algebra, astrolabe and developed aqueducts, book making and hospitals as influences to modern society.
Japanese adapted ideas from the Chinese and formed a civilization much like China. They imitated their government system, religion, architecture, and characters.
The crusades brought back ideas and items from the east. The rediscovery of Greek and Roman culture contributed to the result of the Renaissance.
Which was more inventions, and advances in art, literature, engineering, architecture, etc. These advances they made are an effect of the rise and influences to the future .
Rise
Inventions
The West Africans developed Iron-making which they could produce more food out of iron tools.
Chinese invention of compass led to more maritime trade, and the new variety of rice supported a huge population which led to the rise of Song dynasty.
Rise
Trade and Commerce
Ghana, a trading empire. They became wealthy by collecting taxes from traders going from north to south of Sahara, and the other way around.
The commerce within china developed better economy. There were waterways, commercial ships, paper money and deposit shops.
Trading with the East, the Byzantine empire started Western Europe's interests in learning and curiosity, which led to Renaissance later on.
Rise
Develops Order
Minamoto Yorimoto developed feudalism during the Heian period. He became the first shogun and set an military government and led to a rise of Warrior class.
Western Europe developed feudalism as well as order. Having people swear for loyalty had established stable social order.
Islam made the muslims come more united and understand discipline, values and goals. As result, they built a Muslim empire that stopped the crusades and conquered more land.
Fall
Inevitable
Invasion
Invaders from central Mexico destroyed Mayan city-states, which contributed to the decline of Mayan Classic period.
A group Muslim warriors called Almoravids attacked the Ghana Empire, which led to the decline of the empire.
The Mongols captured China's imperial capital. The Song dynasty came to an end as the last emperor died fleeing from the invaders three years after the invasion.
A German Tribe invaded the Roman Empire, that helped the decline of the empire because of weakening frontier and slow communication.
Fall
Inevitable
Natural Causes
As the Mayan population grew, the farming system could not sustain the huge population. So they abandoned their homes and the Classic Period came to an end.
The loss of natural resources weakened Ghana. Trees and water became extremely scarce so people were forced to leave and search for better condition.
Fall
Corruption
Corrupted, dishonest relatives and servants of the emperor seized control of the government by the end of the Han Dynasty. It led to high taxes and warlords opposing the emperor. Eventually, the farmers rebelled.
Small-scaled skirmishes among city-states grew into full-fledged wars. This led to uncontrolled warfare within the Mayan city-states.
eudalism
Even though feudalism established order and led to a rise among the warrior class and improved Japan's military strength. The Japanese warrior class started to decline as daimyos became powerful while Shoguns started to lose power. That led to samurai allying with themselves with their daimyo lord. They warred with each other for land and power.
There are a lot of factors that contributed to the decline of Rome. One of them is the corruption of citizenship. That led to rise of crime that made the empire and roads unsafe.
Actions such as simony, and selling of indulgences showed how corrupted the church was. That led to a reformation, a breakaway with the church and led to the rise of protestants. Meanwhile, the church had less power as they did before, and many civil religious wars broke out.
The Romans had trouble transferring the throne. So there were private armies fought with each other for the control of the empire. Even when the emperor's private army, Praetorian Guard frequently chose rulers who would reward them instead of who were best prepared to be emperor.
Fall
Economic Crisis
Citizens had to pay high taxes to support Rome's huge armies, that drove many people into poverty. There was also unemployment problem, small farmers had to go to cities to look for jobs because they couldn't compete with large landowners, but jobs in cities weren't enough for everyone.
The emperor lost power as he gave away large estates to top nobles. Since they were tax free, the government could no longer collect enough taxes to support the emperor. The emperor could not protect people's lands. As result, the power of lords weakened imperial government, that led to civil wars.
More...
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