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Poetic Devices

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by Suzi Fischer on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of Poetic Devices

Figurative Language
and
Poetic Devices

Simile: A comparison made with "as," "like," or "than."
You are as beautiful as a summer dawn.
His eyes were like two blue oceans, mysterious and captivating.
Her heart felt lighter than a feather.
Examples of Fantastic Similes:
1. “. . . she tried to get rid of the kitten which had scrambled up her back and stuck like a burr just out of reach.” — Little Women, by Louisa May Alcott
4. “The very mystery of him excited her curiosity like a door that had neither lock nor key.”
— Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell
2. “The other was fair, as fair as can be, with great masses of golden hair and eyes like pale sapphires.” --Dracula, by Bram Stoker.
3. “All sorts of pleasant things happened about that time, for the new friendship flourished like grass in spring.”
--Little Women, by Louisa May Alcott.
Not-so-great Similes:
Her eyes were like two brown circles with big black dots in the center.
He was as tall as a 6′3″ tree.
John and Mary had never met. They were like two hummingbirds who had also never met.
Her vocabulary was as bad as, like, whatever.
The lamp just sat there, like an inanimate object.
She walked into my office like a centipede with 98 missing legs.
The little boat gently drifted across the pond exactly the way a bowling ball wouldn’t.
The plan was simple, like my brother-in-law Phil. But unlike Phil, this plan just might work.
Even in his last years, Grand pappy had a mind like a steel trap, only one that had been left out so long, it had rusted shut.
Metaphor:

1. A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in "a sea of troubles" or "All the world's a stage" (Shakespeare);

2. One thing conceived as representing another
Examples of Metaphor:
The Toaster

A silver-scaled Dragon with jaws flaming red
Sits at my elbow and toasts my bread.
I hand him fat slices, and then, one by one,
He hands them back when he sees they are done.

William Jay Smith

Examples of Metaphor:
A Rose

Love is a rose but you better not pick it.
It only grows when it's on the vine.
A handful of thorns and you'll know you've missed it.
You lose your love when you say the word "mine."
--Neil Young, "Love Is a Rose," 1977

1. A set of mental pictures or images.
2. The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.
Imagery:
Examples of Imagery:
"A few miles south of Soledad, the Salinas River drops in close to the hillside bank and runs deep and green. The water is warm too, for it has slipped twinkling over the yellow sands in the sunlight before reaching the narrow pool. On one side of the river the golden foothill slopes curve up to the strong and rocky Gabilan mountains, but on the valley side the water is lined with trees - willows fresh and green with every spring, carrying in their lower leaf junctures the debris of the winter's flooding; and sycamores with mottled, white, recumbent limbs and branches that arch over the pool."
--John Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men
Examples of Imagery:
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way
Daffodils
--William Wordsworth
Try to NEVER emulate these examples!
Figurative Language to be covered in class today:
Simile
Metaphor
Imagery
Poetic Devices
to be covered in class today:
Repetition
Alliteration
Tone/Mood
Repetition: The repeating of words or phrases to emphasize an idea, add mood, tone, or power to a poem.
Repetition Example:
Excerpt from Edgar Allan Poe's "The Bells"
A lotta awesome
Alliteration!
Alliteration: multiple words that have the same initial phonetic sound (sweet sting of sorrow).
Tone
a
N
d
Mood
Watch out! Tone and mood are similar!
Tone is the author’s attitude toward the writing (his characters, the situation) and the readers. A work of writing can have more than one tone.

Tone is established by the setting, choice of vocabulary and other details.
Mood is the general atmosphere created by the author’s words. It is the feeling the reader gets from reading those words.
Mood is the emotions that you (the reader) feel while you are reading. Some literature makes you feel sad, others joyful,
still others, angry.
MOOD
TONE
is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or the character. Tone is conveyed through the author's words and details. Use context clues to help determine the tone.
Bouncing into the room, she lit up the vicinity with a joyous glow on her face as she told about her fiancé and their wedding plans.
Bouncing
lit up
joyous
glow
M
O
O
D
Homework for tonight:
Reference your notes to create your own descriptor poem, using one simile, one metaphor, and your choice of either repetition or alliteration.
Illustrate your poem so that you visually show the comparisons you are making.
Have fun with it!!! :)
Can be as long or short as you want.
His eyes twinkled like stars,
green as nebula in the interstellar sky,
He is my North Star, always guiding me home.
Stars shimmer shooting swiftly, but non shine brighter than my star.
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