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the legacy of roman philosophy,law, and citizenship

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by Mariam Khattab on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of the legacy of roman philosophy,law, and citizenship

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Legacy of Roman Government Nada Shalash, Farah Shimi, Salma Ahmed, Joory Khaled, Mariam khattab, Iman Yehia 8S CITIZENSHIP!! -Romans believed that everyone
should be treated equally under
law What is Philosophy? -The study of
the universe
based on logical
reasoning What is Stoicism? - It was the main
philosophy in
Ancient Rome. -It was originally Greek Roman Citizenship: -The Romans had a lot of
power over the countries
they conquered and citizens
lacked freedom Treason
(betrayal of country)=beheaded -Started in the Hellenistic
Period in Greece-dates to
around 300 BC/BCE and
moved to Rome in
155 AD/CE Roman Justice: -Roman defined justice
as the equality
between all citizens -This inspired the
creators of democracies
in the USA and France Foundation of Roman Law: THE TWELVE TABLES: -Main basis for Roman
Law-core/focus of the
constitution of the
Roman Republic -Was written in 451 and
450 B.C. -Was written by 10
commissioners -Were formed after
the social struggle
between patricians
and plebeians -Romans started
to study philosophy
after they
conquered Greece
- Many Greek
philosophies
became entitled
under Roman
cultures *Aristotle and Cicero -Roman soldiers that
moved to Greece
learned from Aristotle,
Plato, Socrates, and
others Roman Emperor
Affected by Stoicism -Marcus Aurelius -Known as a philosopher king -Known for
his
meditation -Was trained
in Stoic
Philosophy -He was harsh
on Christians
because of his strong
Stoic beliefs -Ruled fairly according
to principles of
Stoicism -Last of good emperors,
tried to bring peace but
did things we consider
harsh Similarities: Differences: -Voting
-Men serve in the military
-possess
property and make contracts
-in non-corrupt countries treason has consequences -intermarriage between classes is now allowed
-woman now considered citizens, as opposed to Ancient Rome
-now no slavery
-power of government is more relaxed Roman Citizenship:
The rights to vote in assemblies, run in private and public offices and jobs, to make contracts, and own properties, legal recognition, have lawful marriage, children who are born from parents that are Romans were considered Roman Citizens. Modern citizenship: The state of being vested with the rights, privileges, and duties of a citizen, you are considered a citizen if your part of the community or society. Countries that use
Roman law: -Many European countries
such as France use Roman
law as their basis -Main goal is interconnection
with the universe and with
nature -Has absolute laws that tell people
the reason and morality which
they are to live by -Founded by Zeno of
Citium -Inner Peace -Contentment -Living in harmony
with nature "All things are parts of one single system, which is called Nature; the individual life is good when it is in harmony with Nature." (Zeno, 4th Century B.C.) -Also influenced the US:
Roman Republic principles
of being in equal justice
under the law became part
of the US system -Roman Law has
been replaced
by modern codes
that still represent
the Ancient
Roman principles -rules of Roman Law which had been
transmitted, were placed in a statutory
framework which provided a modern,
systematic order -Roman legal and
formal rules have
great significance
on modern-day
nations, such as
in Europe Information Sources: http://www.law.berkeley.edu/library/robbins/RomanLegalTradition.html

http://archiv.jura.uni-saarland.de/Rechtsgeschichte/Ius.Romanum/RoemRFAQ-e.html

http://archiv.jura.uni-saarland.de/Rechtsgeschichte/Ius.Romanum/RoemRFAQ-e.html#gemrecht

http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/the-greater-stoic-marcus-aurelius.php

http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Philosophy-Marcus-Aurelius.htm

http://library.thinkquest.org/26602/government.htm

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marcus-aurelius/

http://www.roman-emperors.org/marcaur.htm

ancient.eu.com http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/history/hellenistic.htm

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/philosophy/stoics.htm

http://www.crystalinks.com/romephilosophy.html

http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Philosophy-Stoicism-Zeno.htm -Stoic leaders try
to make everything
in their territory
interconnected,
believing that all is
one -MEDITATION Picture Sources: http://www.crystalinks.com/zenobust.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Antoninus_Pius_Glyptothek_Munich_337_cropped.jpg/220px-Antoninus_Pius_Glyptothek_Munich_337_cropped.jpg -Roman men
didn't let women
study philosophy
(Lucretius was
the first) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/stoicism/#influence

http://n4bz.org/gsr4/gsr403.htm

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/610934/Law-of-the-Twelve-Tables

http://www.constitution.org/sps/sps01_1.htm

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/government/a/012011-12-Tables.htm

http://www.dl.ket.org/latin3/mores/legallatin/legal01.htm

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/romans/philosophy/ http://farm1.staticflickr.com/33/62005017_7fba26a4f7_m.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_Roman_law

http://www.goddessgift.net/images/justice-statue-18-inch-YT-7746.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Aurelius

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/cicero/index.html Aristotle Cicero -Also: -Antigonid dynasty
in Greece had
connections
with Stoic
philosophers -King Cleomenes
of Sparta (Greece)
had the Stoic
philosopher
Sphaerus as one
of his advisers THANKS FOR WATCHING!
WE HOPE YOU LEARNED!  Classes of Citizenship:
Cives Romani
Latini
Socii
Provinciales
Peregrini  -If the mother isn't a Roman citizen, the child may not be a citizen and may even be a slave Questions 1-Main foundation of Roman Law is :
a-12 Tables
b-12 Tablets
c-10 commissioners
d-both a and b 2-True or False?
Roman Citizenship don't have the right to vote in assemblies, run in private and public offices & jobs, and to make contracts 3-What is Philosophy?
A. Study of humans
B.study on university based on logical reasoning
C. living in harmony with nature
D. all of the above 4-Who is Marcus Aurelius
A. a philosopher
B. a weak king
C. a stoic ruler
D a philosopher king
E. both c & d 5-True or False
France is a modern day country that uses Ancient Roman Law Bonus:
Most important/ dominant Roman legacy
A. stoicism continued
B. continuity of Roman Jurisdictional law Principles
C. Spread of Roman Philosophy
D. All off the above Answers 1. a-12 Tables 2-False (Roman citizenship DO have right to vote in assemblies, run in private and public offices and jobs, to make contracts) 3. b-Study of universe based on logical reasoning 4. e- both c and d
(a philosopher king
and Stoic ruler) 5. True Bonus:
B. continuity of Roman Jurisdictional law Principles
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