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Investigatory Project

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by TonyRose Duran on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Investigatory Project

A. Description of the project
Our experiment is a handmade banana paper. We planned to make it out of Banana peel. In that way, we would be able to use our creativity in making our paper attractive, at the same time, save our environment by recycling those banana peels.
The experimental or controlled variable in our experiment is the type of material we are going to use – the banana peels. It is because it is the only factor in our experiment that will remain constant. We may change the way the paper looks, or the way it is glued together. But we will never change the raw material that we will use – banana peel, because that is what our experiment is all about. Handmade Banana Paper A. Background of the Study
B. Statement of the Problem
C. Significance of the Study
D. Scope and Limitations of the study Table of Content A. Background of the Study
B. Conceptual framework
C. Hypothesis
D. Definition of Terms A. Description of the project
B. Description of Materials
C. Description of Data Collected IV. Results and findings V. Conclusions I. Introduction III. Methodology II. Review Of Literature A. Background of the Study
We chose and conducted our study about the handmade banana paper as an alternative resource for paper because it is important for us students to take part in ensuring, protecting and conserving our environment. The best way students can contribute to a better environment is to not waste paper. The students should learn how to recycle some materials, like the paper, after using it; they can use the back part of the paper as scratch. Handmade banana paper is for those who appreciate the concept of using a natural paper material in an original and organic way. Banana paper is a natural handmade paper made from waste bark of banana tree which is cut after the bananas have been ripened. It is important for us to start looking at our environment and see it for what it really is, a resource of abundance. An abundance of materials and energy that can be used to create useful eco-friendly every day products that we can use, share and sell. We have been doing some research into what type of materials and how we can make them into more “useful” tools for our everyday needs. B. Statement of the Problem
Can the Handmade Banana Paper be an alternative resource for paper to resolve the problems in our environment? C. Significance of the Study
We, the people living in society, are the ones who will definitely benefit in our study. Also, the animals, plants and other living things in this world will also benefit in our chosen study. One of the objectives of our project is that, the Handmade Banana paper should ensure and provide concerns on how to conserve and preserve our environment.
Reducing waste is good for reducing all three of the triple bottom lines of:
•Environment
•Financial
•Social/ Community impact D. Scope and Limitations of the study
We wanted make a paper out of banana peels. Aside from it helps our environment in making it clean and green, it also helps in making the production of paper in a greener way. Our homemade banana paper is made out of banana peels that are left under the sun to make it dry and moisten. It is also one of the raw materials that we used in making this project. After boiling the banana peels, together in a blender, we mixed 1 part of banana peel to 4 parts of water and let it set aside until it is dry and ready to peel. We also studied the possible price range of our product when compared to an ordinary paper sold in the market. We also wanted to know its possible advantages and disadvantages when released to the public. We wanted to know if it will work like an ordinary paper. Basically, we are trying to find a way to save our mother earth in our own simple ways. To make this product successful, the study must cope up from 2-3 months. And for best results, it is best to do it at home, because all the materials and the tools needed are mostly found in the kitchen.
This study is basically produced to see and prove that banana peelings are also alternatives to make a paper. In order to prove this, we need for about 1-2 months to make the best out of it. A. Background of the Study
They said that by using the banana peel- a renewable fiber source – the sustainable process does not contribute to the destruction of the natural forests. As the banana tree fiber is readily available all year round, the renewable and the abundant raw material is really suitable alternative fiber to forest wood. In making the banana peel into paper, the process does not contribute to the destruction of the forest and it really can be an alternative resource for paper.
The banana peel can be use as alternative resource for paper and that the sustainable process does not contribute to the destruction of the natural or purpose-planted forests meaning that it is a safe process. B. Conceptual framework Start Collecting the Banana Peels Triming off the stem until only the peel remains Setting the banana peel to dry in the sun about eight hours Cutting the banana peel into smaller sections Boiling the banana peel for 20 minutes to make it soft Blending peel with water for 30 seconds Moistening the mesh surface of the silkscreen with water Spreading the banana peel mixture over the mesh using a ladle Letting the mixture sit until it is mostly dry Peel the paper gently off of the mesh END C. Hypothesis
(+) The relationship could be a possible explanation of a phenomenon or a possible solution to a problem.
(-) The relationship could not be a possible explanation of a phenomenon or a possible solution to a problem. D. Definition of terms
A
Abundance - A very large quantity of something.
Alternative - One of two or more available possibilities.
F
Fiber - A thread or filament formed from a vegetable tissue, mineral substance, or textile. Peel - Remove the outer covering or skin from.
Q
Qualitative - a method of inquiry appropriated in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences.
R
Recycle - Convert (waste) into reusable material.
S
Subtropical - Of or relating to or characteristic of conditions subtropicsics
Stem - The main body or stalk of a plant or shrub, typically rising above ground but occasionally subterranean. The sample we worked with is the dried banana peel. We decided to work with those samples because we thought that it would be easier for us to create a handmade paper, because of its consistency and texture.
We gathered them by collecting those banana peels in the canteen of our University (UPHSD- Molino Campus). Instead of throwing it in trash cans and just produce another waste again, we gathered it for our project. In that way, we had our new handmade paper at the same time, we helped to save our environment. B. Description of Materials
Materials needed:
1. Banana Peel - The skin of a banana (especially when it is stripped off and discarded
2. Bowl - A round, deep dish or basin used for food or liquid.
3. Blender - An electric mixing machine used in food preparation for liquefying, chopping, or puréeing.
4. Silkscreen - A screen of fine mesh used in screen-printing. Procedure Step 1
Use the banana peel after eating the fruit. Trim off the stem and any imperfections until only the peel remains.
Step 2
Set the banana peel to dry in the sun. The peel should fully dry out in about eight hours in dry, sunny conditions.
Step 3
Cut the banana peel in 1 inch size or smaller sections. If you have multiple peels, use a mulcher to quickly chop them into small pieces. Step 4
Boil the banana peel for 20 minutes to make it soft. The texture of our final product isn’t that uniform and its color is kind of dark brown or brown. We had a difficulty on making this banana paper. We were thinking on what we have to put in order to make the color lighter so we would able to see the writings. Minutes later, we decided to add bleach. Unfortunately, it didn’t react on our project.
So, the data that we have put up and thought had been presented thru paper. The idea and concept we have, we put it on a paper for reading purposes. Our data implies that handmade banana paper can be used as an alternative kind of paper for creating design for some project or for making a creative artwork. We weren’t able to make it lighter so it may be also used as a kind of paper for writing if the one who will use it would be contented with our final product.
We believe that true researchers fail most of the time because we failed twice. It took us days before it dried. We had a paper that is much better than our last. After some trials and errors, the results showed that the banana peelings can be used as an alternative kind of paper for creating design or for creating something useful. We tried twice, but the second can be more appreciated than before. The results that we gathered proved that banana peelings can be used as an alternative for making papers. Although there was a limitation of time, due to other activities that we do in other projects, we were able to do it as a group and as a team.
We thought that it was so easy to make a banana paper, but we were wrong. We believe that it isn’t easy to be a researcher and also it takes time to make a final product of an investigatory project. The project made us improve our thinking capacity in making a product successful. And it let us open our minds in saving and preserving what mother earth has given us. THANK YOU! :) I
Inclusions - The action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.
M
Mesh – A material made of a network of wire or thread.
N
Nuisance - A person, thing, or circumstance causing inconvenience or annoyance.
O
Opaque – Not able to be seen through; not transparent.
P
Paper - Material manufactured in thin sheets from the pulp of wood or other fibrous substances, used for writing, drawing, or printing on. C. Description of Data Collected
Here are the data that we collected after doing the project:
Texture- the paper turned out to be not so smooth, compared to an ordinary paper usually bought in stores.
Color- Because we used dried banana peelings, our product’s color turned into brown, light brown to be exact. But based on some research that we conducted, our product’s color depends on the raw materials that we are going to use. Ink absorption- Just like the other paper, our product absorbs ink very well. In other words, the product that we conducted worked like an ordinary paper.
Presentation- Our product looked like a recycled handicraft, since one of the raw materials that we used are recycled banana peelings, and the physical appearance of the paper will depend on the raw materials that we are going to use. Step 5Blend 1 part peel with 4 parts water in a blender for 30 seconds, or until the mixture is uniform. Step 6
Moisten the mesh surface of the silkscreen with water. Using a ladle, spread the banana peel mixture over the mesh to a uniform depth of 1 mm. Let the mixture sit for 24 hours, or until it is mostly dry. Submitted by:
Perez, John Reinhart
Deri, Eula Elena
Duran, Tony Rose
Eusebio, Colleen
Eusebio, Sharmaine
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