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Linguistics of ASL

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by Abby Roeder on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Linguistics of ASL

Plain



Indicating



Depicting
American Sign Language
By: Ami Ruda
&
Abby Roeder

Linguistic Properties of ASL
You betcha!
Phonology
ASL & linguistics?
English Phonology
ASL Phonology
PALM ORIENTATION
Morphology
Morphology
is the study of morphemes and how they are used to create new words or signs.

A
morpheme
is the smallest meaningful unit in a language.
English Morphology
DERIVATIONAL

INFLECTIONAL
ASL Morphology
First, what is ASL?
ASL is:
Language Rules
"Languages are rule-governed communication systems"
ASL is organized grammatically and has linguistic features that you must abide by. Therefore, it can be considered an official language, and has been recognized as such since the early 1960s.
Just like English, ASL has phonology, morphology, syntax, pragmatics, and semantics. However, for the purpose of this presentation, we will focus only on
phonology
and
morphology.
What are those rules?
(Valli, Lucas, Mulrooney, & Villanueva, 2011, p. 1)
ASL
The study of the smallest contrastive units of language. For spoken languages, those contrastive units are sounds, for signed languages those contrastive units are variables.
Place of articulation
IPA
LOCATION
NON MANUAL SIGNS
HANDSHAPE
MOVEMENT
DERIVATIONAL BOUND MORPHEMES
NUMERICAL INCORPORATION
ASPECT
Due to fluctuations in population, it is hard to get a proper count of how many people use ASL, but it is estimated that around 500,000 to 2,000,000 people in America use it as their main language.
Each parameter is important in its own way. When two signs differ by only one parameter, it changes the meaning and they become a minimal pair.
It is not related to English!

Nor is it pantomime!
FREE
BOUND
MORPHEMES
VERBS
COMPOUNDING
Thank You!
Teach + er = Teacher
To Go
I go to my favorite restaurant REGULARLY.
I go to my favorite restaurant OFTEN.
I go to my favorite restaurant ALL THE TIME.
I've been going to my favorite restaurant FOR A LONG TIME.
Want
Frozen
Socks
Stars
Cute
Funny
Summer
Dry
Ugly
Cat
Tree
Non + smoke + er = Nonsmoker
Dog + s = Dogs
A vehicle drives uphill.
A vehicle drives downhill.
A vehicle speeds by.
A vehicle drives on a bumpy road.
I give to you.
You give to me.
I pick on you.
You pick on me.
A person saunters by.
A person runs by.
A person walks with a limp.
A person walks hunched over.
To have
To eat
Good + Enough = Good enough
Girl + Marry = Wife
Home + Work = Homework
1 Day
2 Days
5 Days
1 Week
3 Weeks
7 Weeks
1 Month
4 Months
9 Months
Finally!
Thin
Stop
Travel
Know
Wednesday
Alright
Transfer
Think
Friday
Success
Medium
Thick
Agentive Suffix (-er)
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
vs
Questions?
A visual spatial language

Predominantly used by the Deaf community in the U. S.

Not a universal language
RULE: Weak-hand anticipation
RULE: Single sequence
RULE: First contact
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