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FEMALE BIOLOGY - BIOL 330

Intro to female biology class
by Jennifer Dever on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of FEMALE BIOLOGY - BIOL 330

Class Info
Gender Bias - very much a current issue with very old roots!
FEMALE BIOLOGY - BIOL 330
Introduction to the class
Why have a FEMALE Bio Course?
http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/dever/femalebio.htm
Historical social & political constraints have limited access to the knowledge of the female body

Female =
“A deviation from the male norm”
One-Sex Model: Females' genitals were thought to be the same as males' but simply directed inside the body; Male is the "higher form"

Negative treatment received by scientific & medical communities
Menstruation – biological process cloaked in shame
Darwin’s ideas on behavioral traits: courage, strength & vitality
Freud’s penis envy idea
Craniologists of the 19th century
These viewpoints still reflected today:Young, white, 70kg male is the norm for Biomedical Research (2004 ed. Gray’s Anatomy):

•"Single-sex studies of males still predominate in the biological literature, and neglect of females is widespread in many disciplines, including neuroscience, pharmacology, endocrinology, zoology, and physiology." (Beery & Zucker, 2011)
http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/dever/sexbias_research.pdf
What is FEMALE?
Sex/Gender Distinction
gender is socially constructed
sex is based in biology
Females ARE different than Males
http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/dever/sex_neuroscience.pdf
from Cahill, 2006 Nature Reviews
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