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Architectural Programming

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by Payman Sadeghi on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Architectural Programming

Architectural Programming
Architectural Programming Definition:
Pena's Model

(Webster)
a plan of procedure

(William Pena)

The process of gathering necessary information to understand, explicate, and state a problem.
That is called Problem Seeking whereas its solution through designing is a Problem Solving






(Donna Duerk)
Organization of resources
It is gathering, organizing, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting of the information relevant to a design project
Mission, goals, concepts, and performance requirements are the set of criteria that must be well-defined.

(Edith Cherry)
Architectural programming is the research and decision-making process that defines the problem to be solved by design.
-
(Robert Hershberger)
To understand the design problem leading to design solution, and it is in close relation to the other stages of architecture delivery process.
Evaluation and research in this approach can be just after each stage is finished
Architecture Delivery Process
Various Approaches to Architectural Programming:
1-Traditional Model:

2-Design-Based Architectural Programming:

3-Knowledge-Based Architectural Programming:

4-Agreement-Based Architectural Programming:

5-Value-Based Architectural Programming:

6- Issue-Based Architectural Programming:

7- Computer-Based Architectural Programming:

One of the first roman architects and the author of “De architectura” lately known as The Ten Books on Architecture, Vitruvius suggested
firmitas
,
utilitas
, and
venustas
as criteria of a successful architecture.

It simply means that any
structure should be solid, useful, and beautiful
, yet, could be interpreted in more profound levels of
firmness, commodity,
and
delight
.

Firmness is related to structure or construction. Commodity could be about function, values, or even comfort while delight encompasses aesthetic and physical comfort.
1-Traditional Model:
A method in which programming occurs at the same time that design happens is known as design-based programming.

Basically, client and architect would set some meeting in which the client knows project requirements, and the architect is ready to sketch the design.
2-Design-Based Architectural Programming:
3-Knowledge-Based Architectural Programming:
In 1960’s architecture programming was tremendously influenced by
social and behavioral sciences
which were brought to the area of architectural design. Accordingly, architecture interacted more with new interdisciplinary sciences such as environmental sociology, environmental psychology, or human ecology considering people as the built environment’s users.
4-Agreement-Based Architectural Programming:
Agreement-Based architectural programming is referred to a programming process in which programmer would initially gather the existing information to meet with client’s representatives, building users, or involved community as a programming committee in order to come up with a satisfactory agreement.

CRS proposed matrix for defining the design problem is the best example of this method. This matrix has four main concerns, values, or issues along one side which are Fu
nction,
Fo
rm,
Ti
me,
and Ec
onomy.
5-Value-Based Architectural Programming:
Value-Based AP attempts to combine advantages of the mentioned approaches with exclusion of their disadvantages. That is, investigation of client’s goals, values, and budget along with physical influences such as site, climate, or other external impacts. This could be achieved through interview, conversation, interaction, or lifestyle experience in order to start an initial design solution which is generally acknowledged by client, user, or community without change.
Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis I. Kahn’s distinctive design procedure is an appropriate example of Value-Based AP.
Wright is known for the dedicated time that he spent with his clients and the site to recognize their values as well as project’s goals.
Value-Based architectural programming is profoundly grounded on the CRS proposed matrix. Essential values and concerns are listed along left side of the matrix and goals, facts, needs, and ideas are along top of it to ultimately generate the design problem which is agreed by all involved individuals.
As Hershberger outlines, there are also four key differences between Value-Based AP as opposed to Agreement-Based AP. First, the values are not restricted to the ones suggested by CRS (Function, Form, Time, and Economy).
6- Issue-Based Architectural Programming;
Donna P. Duerk (1993), the author of the book Architectural Programming: Information Management for Design has introduced Issue-Based AP in which she divides programming into two concern areas of “Existing State” analysis and “Future State” projection.

The existing state is related to the project context, and includes site or climate analysis, constrains and codes, user characteristics, and the like which are known as Design Issue.

The future state, however, is related to a set of criteria that a successful project should meet, and includes
Mission,

Goals
,
Performance Requirements
, and
Concepts
.
Suggested Model for Sustainability


Architectural Programming emerges when architecture is initiated.
The process of Architectural Programming, AP, has been directly influenced by the evolution of theoretical frameworks in each historical period of architectural practice.

For a long time, design process dealt with function, aesthetic, and form.

Nowadays, environmental consciousness is adding another dimension to the decision-making process which demands an inclusive revision of architectural programming.
Introduction:
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