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Citizen Security in Brazil

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by PNUD Brasil on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Citizen Security in Brazil

Citizen Security in Brazil
UNDP’s approach

National average:
homicides/100,000 inhab.



24.3
64.5
Alagoas state
:

homicides/ 100,000 inhab.
Death using fire arms:

deaths/ 100,000 inhab.(2011)
70.4

BRA = 30%
USA = 88%

Victims/year from police intervention
BRA = 1,825
USA = 410

Multiple causes
Integrated policies and actions
Multiple actors
Local governance
Community participation


Focus on human capital and new attitudes
Knowledge alignment – local committee
Citizen Security course
What makes the difference?
UNDP brand peace
Dialog mediation
Catalyst processes
Community participation


Local government
to the responsibility of fighting violence

State government

to establish partnership with the local government
in fighting violence

UNDP recent
local experience:
Achieved results:


Lessons learned:


Challenges:


Brazil’s contexts





Unclear vision of benefits and advantages
Lack of integration to the everyday life of Brazilians

For the Olympic Games:



erica.machado@undp.org

Citizen Security approach:
Violence


Peace
What do we do?
High levels of criminality
Specific territory
HDI higher than 0.754
New perspective in fighting violence:
prevention

Community
empowerment

Community
participation
in security issues

Better
community-police
relationship

Integrated perspective
for projects, programs and activities

Reduction of homicides
Culture of patronage
constraints
comprehension and change

There is no space for “
closed packages


The project needs to be shielded
from
political processes

It is important to tell the story
(systematization)

It is best to engage the state from the onset of
implementation
Electoral process –
sustainability

Lack of municipal financial resources

Ownership of the integrated model of
public policies,especially at the federal level

Community and government participation
Improvement of some indicators over the years:
Reduction of inequality
Educational inclusion
Full employment
Reduction of extreme poverty
Access to information
World Cup

Weak promotion of ‘prevention’ as best approach to end violence

Government:
+
Jointly with target policies and engaged actors, we can help improve security following UNDP model:

Thank you
Confidence in the police:
In 2012:
Lauro de Freitas
Bahia
Contagem
Minas Gerais
Vitória
Espírito Santo
Diagnosis
Local security plan
Communication and mobilization
Monitoring

Flexibility

to identify needs and to include
new projects, actions, activities

No financial resources

transferred to municipalities

The process itself

Adherence of:
Common characteristics
Uncertainties
Prevention
Local governance empowerment
Community participation
Integrated policies, programs and projects
Multiple actors
New partner: private sector
This presentation is divided in 3 parts:

1) Brazil – violence in numbers
2) The Citizen Security approach: local experience
3) Citizen Security and big events

Source: 2013 – Brazilian National Public Security Yearbook
Protests
Pressure for more improvements,
in Health and Education sectors,
mobility, and anti-corruption

=
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