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# Copy of Conditional Sentences

Structure of conditional sentences 1st, 2nd, 3rd
by Ernst Endt on 17 March 2013

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#### Transcript of Copy of Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences First Conditional: real possibility In order to explain the Conditional Sentences, we will think of Tom.

Tom has real problems because his ship sank and he arrived at a tiny island. On the island there is only grass and a palm tree.

It is always sunny there but he has no food nor water. What can he do? Tom finds two new problems:

We use WILL + INFINITIVE to talk about the possible future result. The important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen.
He thinks:
“If I stay on the island, I will get burned” He thinks:
“If I swim, the sharks will eat me”

1. There is a fire on the island!

2. There are sharks in the sea! Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. Tom is not swimming right now. But he can see the sharks. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible future condition. Second Conditional: Improbable if + Present Simple + Will INFINITIVE “If I stay on the island, I will get burned” “If I swim, the sharks will eat me" if + Past Simple + Would INFINITIVE Third Conditional: Impossible / Past if + Past Perfect + Would Have PARTICIPLE Summary if + Present Simple + Will INFINITIVE if + Past Simple + Would INFINITIVE if + Past Perfect + Would Have PARTICIPLE 1 2 3 He starts thinking of unreal situations: