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Absolute Monarch : Queen Elizabeth I of England
Transcript of Absolute Monarch : Queen Elizabeth I of England
of England Born September 7, 1533 Died March 24, 1603 Reigned November 17, 1558 - March 24,1603 Historical Events during Elizabeth's Reign 1563 Elizabeth repeals all anti-protestant legislation & Thirty-Nine Articles are issued. This provided for RELIGIOUS TOLERATION! 1585 Elizabeth sends British troops to the Netherlands to support Protestant rebellion against the Spanish by signing the Treaty of Nonsuch. 1587 Elizabeth is forced to execute her traitorous cousin, Mary Queen of Scots. 1588 British Navy, led by Sir Francis Drake, defeats the Spanish Armada . 1601 2nd Earl of Essex attempted to lead a rebellion against the Queen and her advisers. Major Accomplishments of Elizabeth Queen Elizabeth also was credited with setting England up to be a world power in the coming centuries. Queen Elizabeth I was known as the Virgin Queen because she never married. This allowed her to maintain complete power of the English monarchy. Queen Elizabeth survived multiple assassination attempts, including the Babington Plot The chief conspirator was Sir Anthony Babington. This plot was created to put Mary Queen of Scots on the throne. Major Challenges Faced by Elizabeth Elizabeth successfully reverted the official religion of England back to Protestantism, even though she faced objection. Elizabeth and her counsel worried about the line of succession as Elizabeth aged. She never had an heir, and eventually passed the monarchy over to her Scottish relative, James IV. The ever-persistent Spanish continually caused Elizabeth difficulties. This feud came to a head in 1588 when the English navy battled the Spanish near the Port of Cadiz. Protestant Elizabeth's Political Achievements The defeat of the Spanish Armada can be considered a military and political achievement. It opened the door to further English exploration in the Americas. She essentially reduced parliament's power by purposefully avoiding their council. She made most political decisions on her own. Elizabeth is credited with being quite possibly the greatest English Politique. She placed the good of her nation over her religious beliefs and practices. The Queen was religiously tolerant
because she wanted her country to
maintain peaceful and powerful. This was a new way of dealing with Parliament. (innovation) Military Battles The Earl of Leicester and the British troops were defeated in the Netherlands in their support of the States General against the Habsburg rule. One of the most important British victories was the defeat of the Spanish Armada. On May 29, The 2nd Earl of Essex's army was unable to cope with the Scottish revolts, and was defeated in Ireland. 1585 1588 1599 Elizabeth was a
politique , and dedicated to creating stability in her country. Statute of Artificers Domestic Policy regulated agriculture, discriminated against peasant class, and fixed wages 1558-1563 1564, Gulliam Boonen became the Queen's first coach-builder. He became the first to invent the spring-suspension coach. Elizabethan Economy Elizabeth inherited an empty purse because of Mary and Philip II's wars.
Trade : Woolen cloth, miniature portraits, iron and architecture industry, tin, copper, and tobacco from America. Elizabeth increased the number of monopolies - greatly influencing the economy. The currency was all in coins minted in either silver or gold. The pound was worth 20 shillings, and came from a measure of weight. Most English trade with with other European countries. Though eventually England began to trade with the Eastern Mediterranean, North Africa, and the East Indies. The simple fact that Elizabeth was a politique supports the idea that she ruled for the benefit of the English people. Elizabeth sacrificed marriage and childbirth for the sake of her countrymen. She grew the English economy, and exploration. Under her rule , the hindering Spanish Armada was defeated, and gave the English a chance to successfully colonize. Elizabeth was a caring and generous queen. The period Elizabeth reigned is referred to as the Golden Age in English History because of its prosperity, the abundance of English poetry, theatre, music, and literature. Elizabeth left a very positive impact on the English culture and history. http://faculty.tnstate.edu/smcurtis/Elizabethan%20Economy.htm