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The Odyssey: The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

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by Morgan Clark on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of The Odyssey: The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

The Odyssey: Book 12 THE SIRENS; Scylla and Charybdis Words to Own and Words to Know SUMMARY part II: abominably(adv): in an extremely unpleasant or disgusting manner. (pg 916, ln 680) IMAGERY: "... HER LEGS AND THERE ARE TWELVE ARE LIKE GREAT TENTACLES, UN JOINTED, AN DUPON HER SERPENT NECKS ARE BORNE SIX HEADS LIKE NIGHTMARES OF FEROCITY, WITH TRIPLE SERRIED ROWS OF FANGS AND DEEP GULLETS OF BLACK DEATH. (PG 916 ,LN. 682-687) LITERATURE TERMS Odysseus: Courageous, strong, intelligent, a leader, nobel. (PG 920, Ln 772-777), (PG 920, Ln 779-783) Characters: Odysseus and his men have returned to Circe's island. Odysseus seeks Circe for advice on getting home. She tells him that he must first pass by the Sirens, but he cannot listen to them. Then he must choose to sail near the den of Scylla, or Charybdis. Circe tells Odysseus to sail by Scylla, and he will only lose 6 men. Odysseus listens to Circe, and he sets off... Summary, part I: Odysseus tells his men that they need to have their ears covered with beeswax so they can't hear the sirens, but he has his men tie him up so he can listen. Be aware, he hasn't told his men that some of them shall die from Scylla. Once they pass the land of Sirens, Odysseus instructs them towards Scylla's lair. Once they are close enough, Scylla strikes on their crew. Once she has taken her meals, Odysseus's crew keeps sailing. They row on and head for the island of the sun god, Helios. tumult(n): commotion; uproar; confusion. (pg 920, ln 765) ardor(n): passion; enthusiasm. (pg 919, ln 752) cuirass( ): armor for the breast and back. (pg 920, ln 795) insidious( ): crafty; sly. (pg ,ln ) serried( ): crowded together; densely packed. (pg, ln 686 ) maelstrom( ): large, violent whirlpool. (pg 917, ln 702) promontory( ): high land that juts out into a body of water. (pg 917, ln 689) Simile: "... HER LEGS AND THERE ARE TWELVE ARE LIKE GREAT TENTACLES, UN JOINTED, AN DUPON HER SERPENT NECKS ARE BORNE SIX HEADS LIKE NIGHTMARES OF FEROCITY..." (PG 916, LN 682- 685) PERSONIFICATION: "The opposite point seems more a tongue of land..." Harpies(n): monster's who are half-bird half-woman and are greedy for victims. (pg 916, ln 675) whelp's(n): puppies. (pg 916, ln 680) plumb( ): vertical. (pg 919, ln 746) Scylla: Dangerous, crazy, and powerful sea monster. When a boat sails close to Scylla, she takes 6 men, one for each tentacle. (PG 921, Ln 817-818 ) Charybdis: destructive, rude, vandalous sea monster. When a boat sails close to her, she creates a huge whirlpool, killing all men aboard. (PG 917, Ln 695-703) Circe: Minor magic goddess, gives Odysseus choices of passage in the ocean to get back to Ithaca. She is helpful to Odysseus by showing him the safest path to take. (PG 918, Ln 718-721) Circe the sorceress Odysseus Irony: It's ironic that Odysseus is told to sail towards Scylla because it's safer, even though both monsters would kill the sailors. He listens to Circe, but doesn't tell his men their possible fate. Epithet: Whelp's: puppies, "abominably, a newborn whelp's cry," (PG 916, LN 680) Theme: The theme of this book of The Odyssey, is Odysseus struggle to get home. He has to decide which is the better path for his men, and which will get him back to his beloved land Ithaca. He chooses to listen to Circe, and his life and most of his mens' lives are saved. Sirens: Beautiful, dangerous creatures. They lure in men with their seductive songs so that the sailors come into their rocky shores and crash. (PG 916, Ln 660-669) Important Note: Odysseus did not tell his men about their fate with Scylla, because he didn't want them to panic. (PG 920, Ln 790-793) " But as I sent them on toward Scylla, I told them nothing, as they could do nothing, They would have dropped their oars again in panic, to roll for cover under the decking." Important Note: Odysseus covers his mens' ears in beeswax to protect them from the sirens. (PG 919, Ln 745-746) " I carried wax along the line, and laid it thick on their ears." http://collegebasketballtalk.nbcsports.com/2013/04/07/melissa-mccarthy-snl-parody-mike-rice-rutgers-scandal-video/ Coach Kelly coaches her team abominably, but hey,
it's obviously their fault since they're toast! spies are trained to be crafty and sly There is always a lot of commotion at parties and concerts crowded puppies Harpy whirlpool What a promontory venue... Men, fetch me my cuirass! That vertical enough for ya? It's a baby, can't get more enthusiastic then that. A peninsula is a "tongue of land" but it isn't really a tongue, just a piece of land that is thin and juts out from a larger piece of land. Charybdis's Vortex The Sirens Scylla " Friends, have we never been in danger before this? More fearsome, is it now, then when the Cyclops penned us in his cave? What power he had! Did I not keep my nerve, and use my wits to find a way out for us?" (920, 772-777) " Odysseus and his men return to Circe's island, where Circe warns him of the perils that await him." (PG 916, summary 1) "Listen with care to this, now, and a god will arm your mind. Square in your ship's path are Sirens, crying beauty to bewitch men coasting by; woe to the innocent who hears that sound! He will not see his lady nor his children in joy, crowding about him, home from sea; the Sirens will sing his mind away on their sweet meadow lolling. There are bones of dead men rotting in a pile beside them and flayed skins shrivel around the spot. Steer wide; keep well to seaward; plug your oarsmen's ears with beeswax kneaded soft; none of the rest should hear that song." (PG 916, Ln 660-672) " They tied me up, then plumb amidships, back to the mast, lashed to the mast, and took themselves again to rowing." (PG 919, 746-748) " That is the den of Scylla, where she yaps abominably, a newborn whelp's cry, though she is huge and monstrous. God or man, no one can look on her in joy. Her legs- and there are twelve- are like great tentacles, unjointed, and upon her serpent necks are borne six heads like nightmares of ferocity, with triple serried rows of fangs and deap gullets of black death." (PG 916, Ln 679-687) " Then Scylla made her strike, whisking six of my best men from the ship." (PG 921, Ln 817-818) " The opposite point seems more a tongue of land you'd touch with a good bowshot, at the narrows. A great wild fig, a shaggy mass of leaves, grows on it, and Charybdis lurks below to swallow down the dark sea tide." (PG 917, Ln 695-699) Three times from dawn to dusk she spews it up and sucks to down again three times, a whirling maelstrom; if you come upon her then the god who makes earth tremble could not save you. (PG 917, Ln 699-703) "Listen with care to this, now, and a god will arm your mind. Square in your ship's path are Sirens, crying beauty to bewitch men coasting by; woe to the innocent who hears that sound!" (PG 916, Ln 660-663) " Sirens weaving a haunting song over the sea we are to shun, she said, and their green shore all sweet with clover; yet she urged that I alone should listen to their song." (PG 918, Ln 723-727) Whelp's are puppies Odysseus's boat between Scylla and Charybdis Study Guide questions: What are the sirens, and what happens to the men that hear them? If you were Odysseus, would you choose to sacrifice six men to Scylla or would you not? Why do you think Odysseus doesn't tell his crew about the peril his men will face with Helio's cattle? Why does Odysseus protect his men from the sirens? Does he do the same to himself? Describe the peril Odysseus faces with Scylla and Charybdis. IS this truly being stuck between "a rock and a hard place?" Do you agree with Odysseus in line 831 that this was the worst suffering he had seen in his travels? Why or why not? Sirens are beautiful femmes that lure men to their island with a seductive song. The men sail to the island and crash into the rocky shore. I would've chosen Scylla if I had been in the same situation because it is the safest for the most men returning home. Although I would have informed my crew of their fate, unlike Odysseus. Odysseus didn't tell his crew because he didn't want them to panic, or to be upset with him. Odysseus lays beeswax over all the oarsmen's ears, but he has his crew tie him up so he can listen. The problem with the path through Scylla and Charybdis is that you cannot fully escape danger. You have to choose where to sail, near Scylla or near Charybdis. Yes, I agree that this must be a horrible suffering because he sat there, knowing his men were going to die, and he couldn't do anything about it.
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