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GCSE PE Individual Differences and sports performance

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by Rebecca Caisley on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of GCSE PE Individual Differences and sports performance

Individual differences:
TASK:
Can you list
5
ways in which age could effect sports performance.
AGE AND SPORTS PERFORMANCE:
GENDER AND SPORTS PERFORMANCE;
DISABILITY AND SPORT:
TEST TIME:
You task is to talk to your group about the following subject.
If you can talk to them for 30 seconds you gain 1 point, 1 min you gain 2 points and 2 minutes you win 3 points.

How do individual differences relate to sports performance?
PLENARY
Task 1:
Using your revision books fill in the roles and what's involved in each.

Roles in Physical Activity and Sport
LESSON OBJECTIVE:
To understand that people are individuals with different needs according to different individual factors.
GOOD LEARNING:
GREAT LEARNING:
EVEN BETTER LEARNING:
LESSON OUTCOMES:
You can
IDENTIFY
the FOUR individual differences
You can
DESCRIBE
what the individual differences are
You can
EXPLAIN
how each individual differences effect participation
FLEXIBILITY:
We are most flexible as adolescents.
As we get older we tend to loose this suppleness
Children are not as strong as adults. We do not reach our maximum strength until we are fully grown at around
20
.
In your 20's and 30's it is easy to build up strength and muscle mass.
In your
40's
and onwards strength
decreases
as protein levels and muscle mass falls.
STRENGTH:
As we age, weakness and inflexibility make us more prone to injury.
It also takes us longer to heal.
Diseases such as cancer and heart disease are more prominent in the older population.
RECOVERY FROM INJURY:
OXYGEN CAPACITY:
Our capacity to transport and use oxygen so effectively falls as we age.
Older athletes are often called experienced, and this experience can be an important tool
Experience helps us to know how best to deal with a situation
EXPERIENCE:
In some sports age isn't a disadvantage.
Sports which do not require strength, flexibility or endurance capacity can be competed in by both young and old.

Sports which require accuracy or concentration.

CAN YOU THINK OF ANY SPORTS THAT MIGHT FIT INTO THESE CATEGORIES?
You should be able to DESCRIBE:
Men have longer, heavier bone structure
Women generally have more body fat than men
The menstrual cycle can affect performance
Men have bigger muscles, due to higher testosterone levels
Women are generally more flexible.
Can we ever catch up?
How things have changed.
Adaptions in sports
WHAT HAS THE PARALYMPICS DONE FOR DISABILITY SPORT?
Despite all of this how can a disability effect sport?
SHORT QUESTION:
Explain how individual differences can affect the amount of exercise that a person may participate in.
2 MARKS.
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
1) Which one of the following does not usually decrease with age?
Skill
Flexibility
Strength
Oxygen capacity

2) In which one of the following do female sports performers tend to have an advantage over male sports performers?
Flexibility
Strength
Speed
Power
Christine Ann Wellington MBE (born 18 February 1977) is an English triathlete and four-time Ironman Triathlon World Champion. She holds all three world and championship records relating to ironman-distance triathlon races: firstly, the overall world record, secondly, the Ironman World

Championship course record, and thirdly, the official world record for all Ironman-branded triathlon races over the full Ironman distance. She won the World Championship in three consecutive years (20072009), but could not start the 2010 World Championship race because of illness, then regained the title in 2011. She is the first British athlete to hold the Ironman Triathlon World Championship, and remains undefeated over the Ironman distance.

She is the only triathlete, male or female, to have won the World Championship less than a year after turning professional, an achievement which the British Triathlon Federation described as "a remarkable feat, deemed to be a near impossible task for any athlete racing as a rookie at their first Ironman World Championships
Activity Types:
Task 1:
Using you revision books put the different activity types and their characteristics onto the table
Success for Sarah:
Task 2:
How can you relate the
SUCCESS
Sarah will achieve by taking part in these activities in PE lessons?
E.G:
Taking part in Games activities will improve several components of fitness like co-ordination and speed. She will also develop teamwork and communication skills.
Task 2:
Describe the skills and abilities that might be required to fulfill these roles.
E.G.
to be an excellent coach you require excellent organisation skills. The ability to plan, run and evaluate coaching sessions. The ability to take charge of a group. Communication skills. An awareness of safety aspects.
Final task:
describe when Sarah has had the opportunity to adopt these roles. Particularly focusing on Player/performer and choreographer.
There are a number of ways that ageing affects the body which can affect participation in sport:
FLEXIBILITY
RECOVERY
OXYGEN CAPACITY
STRENGTH
All DECREASE with age.

SKILL LEVEL can improve as experience is gained.
QUESTION:
1) Most of you are 16 therefore You should have good......................?
2)Define it.........
3)Why is this important?
AGE DIVISIONS:
Many sports have
AGE DIVISIONS
, particularly physical-contact sports.
WHY?
QUESTIONS:
1) What sports do you know that have any age divisions?
2) Why do you think this is?
HOW CAN WE RELATE THIS TO SARAH?
THINK:

What might happen in her x-country races?
What about Climbing?
What about Dance/Cheerleading?
Body Type:
What are the three body types (SOMATOTYPES)?
Muscular
build
Large Head
Broad Shoulders
Narrow Hips
M
ESOMORPH
Environment
Weather
Terrain
Risk and Challenge
What activities involve a level of risk and/or challenge?
Where in Leeds can you take part in these types of activities?
Activity levels and needs
Performers who regularly take part in a competitive activity will need to train to improve performance.

RECREATIONAL
activities are not as demanding and therefore don't require the same level of commitment.
What are Sarah's ambitions and therefore what are the activity levels and needs?
Training
Time and funds are important factors for a performer.
Amateur
performers have to fit training and competing around jobs or studies.

What will Sarah need to consider?
HOMEWORK
Complete the exam style questions for homework.

To be handed in by:
Next Theory lesson

ECTOMORPH
Narrow face, high forehead
Narrow Shoulders
Narrow Chest
Slim Hips
ENDOMORPH
Fatty Upper arms
Fatty Thighs
Wide Hips

Michael Oher
Categories of Disability
Physical
Can you think of an example?
Mental
Can you think of an example?
Temporary
Can you think of an example?
Permanent
Can you think of an example?
Insomnia
Depression
KEY TERM:
INCLUSION
What does it mean?
(DEFINE THIS WORD)
Other than Football can you think of TWO other adaptions to TWO different sports
Facilities
Access
Parking
Provision
What is a Risk Assessment?
Altitude
How do Performers
OVERCOME
these problems?
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