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Hooligans - real friends of football? Colloquium

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by Caro Loebbert on 10 May 2012

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Transcript of Hooligans - real friends of football? Colloquium

Why Hooligans? 01.
Origin of football
hooliganism 02. Expansion in Great Britain THE ENGLISH DISEASE Political Development Historical Development Social Development Rivalry between hooligan groups
West Ham - ICF
FC Millwall - Bushwackers
FC Chelsea - Headhunters
Racism
Consequences 03. Vandalism Consequences for a hooligan:
getting sentenced to prison / arrested
custody
fines
stadium bans

Consequences for the club:
Chelsea: 1st club which had to put up fences
GB: all-seats stadiums only
matches behind closed doors 04. The 3rd half Hooligan culture:
looks (dark jumpers, jackets)
fan utensils are not worn ( to keep up individuality)
punk rock music is preferred
rioting inside and outside the stadium (mostly planned beforehand)
hooligan codex 05. On the edge between disgust and fascination Stories of former hooligans Hoh portrays 10 years (1985-1995) of his experience in Hamburg hooligan scene
hooliganism and its two faces:
people come together with the most different backgrounds and careers
high possibility of getting hit / arrested, knowledge of committing a crime
Hoh quit the scene when the riots intensified, and because his close friends left Journalist Adam Porter, a former hooligan
Porter is not apologizing for what hooligans have done but
often wrong sentenced hooligans increase the bad image of hooliganism 'I much preferred sideshow hooliganism, throwing cans... looking cool, that sort of thing.' And you know what, despite it all, I'll be there again someday, just remember, if you see me, I'm in growl-only mode these days. 'The occurrence of the police contributes very strongly the escalation of tense situations between groups.' 'Hooligans are not mindless rowdies. This is just a stamp made by the press!' The press
looking for sensationalism, society has a strong will to be informed
press reporting on crowd behavior as much as on the game
scandals: oxygen-of-publicity
1996 England - Germany: British press very xenophobic, called it as a resumption of the Second World War (England lost the penalty shoot-out, Germany European champion)
recently: European Parliament decided to turn away from sensationalism and to face sporting values instead .. When the scene exceeds the limit
The Heysel Stadium tragedy in 1985 06. Expansion to European football POLAND GERMANY 07. Preventing hooliganism GERMANY
inspiring example
fan projects in close contact to club officials / local governments
working WITH the hooligan scene GREAT BRITAIN
rely on mechanical strategies
use of CCTV (Closed-Circuit-TV cameras which are placed inside and outside the ground)
all-seats-stadium
old-fashioned: operating undercover joining firms
working AGAINST the hooligan scene Official Organizations:
'The European Convention on Spectator Violence and Misbehavior at Sport events and in particular at Football matches' (from 1985, now active in 29 European countries)
preparation and information by the police
cooperation between police and stewards
communication strategies via media policy
separation of rival supporters
controlled sale of tickets
exclusion of known or potential troublemakers
ban of alcohol at stadiums
controls to prevent spectators from bringing dangerous objects into stadiums
Non-violent groups seek publicity
Danish 'Roligans' (based on the word rolig which means calm in Danish)
Scottish 'Tartan Army' ' On the pitch it is about power and chance, violence and swoon, profits and losses, rules such as breaking them. The only thing to add is that all this applies not only to the pitch but also to its social environment - the fans' 'We all agree, Niggers burn better than petrol'
'Send those Niggers back, if you're white, you're alright. If you're black, send 'em back' HOOLIGANISM -
THE ENGLISH DISEASE?
NOT ONLY! 90 % of Polish football clubs have hooligan supporters
dangerous reputation
some groups influenced by
skinhead subculture
theories of nationalism
and anti-Semitism ('Death to the crooked nose')
12 stabbing murders caused by hooligan groups between 2005-2006
2011 marks a trilogy of violence in Poland 1. a death of a fan headman of Cracovica Krakow who was massacred from rival supporters of the local team Wisla Krakow in Jan
2. evil riots during a test match of the national team against Lithuania in March
3. rioting in Warsaw: hooligans supporting Legia Warsaw used pyro-techniques, and destroyed the stadium in June Nevertheless Gregorz Lato, the President of the Polish Association views optimistically towards this year's championship in Poland (at least officially):

'The hooligan problem is exaggerated and overstated. Those who will travel to Poland in summer 2012 do not have to worry at all.' In spite of all precautions to the security of the players and the fans (see example Germany) hooligans are able to find a gap to live out their mania. In my opinion hooligans are no friends of football. They use the football pitch only as a venue for their disposition to strong violence.
Hooligans 'support' their clubs in ways which are not acceptable. They do damage to clubs and to the large group of friendly fans. Future? uncertain
either the culture will change into different movements
or hooliganism expands and gains members
probably no disappearing of such scenes
tendency: hooliganism keeps on being a problem
possible: increase in Eastern Europe
decrease in main football countries, Great Britain concluded Thank you for listening! movie: Green Street Hooligans Hooligans - friends of football? A survey on the hooligan scene in
Great Britain
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